adsorption process for wastewater treatment by using coconut shell introduction

Modeling Of Adsorption Process In Wastewater Treatment Using Artificial Neural Network Mansoor Kazemimoghadam Malek Ashtar University of Technology, Tehran, Iran mzkazemi@gmail.com Abstract: Activated carbon is a common and popular adsorbent that has been extensively used in separation and purification processes due to its high adsorption capacity and high surface area. The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the ability of agro-waste material coconut shell to remove Cr (VI) from The needs to -identify the most effective and suitable characteristics of activated carbon are important because it defines the best alternative and at the same its efficiency in wastewater treatment. Today, the most commonly adopted adsorbent is the activated carbon. Activated carbon is … %�쏢 The adsorption performance of batch and fixed bed adsorption systems were investigated. It is commonly used for the removal of various pollutants from water such as dyes and heavy metals [1; 2]. "P@P�K�Ut�s�TE9��+ Rw�nT*�A\M!����x���z�����D4�W'�هI�{����Ej5�˓�D?�e���b�!C#�� �o�G_Kj�ˋ���}P�E�*�I�`wk��8^%l��U+�(a��~��Db7���MQ��bz���M ��^��s��k���_^��y�Lg�� ��%��!�ԗ�x.�L�J�����R?��������$�@�%C��L�u�p��4��hV�'Ҭ6�!�N conventional wastewater treatment plant (Olafadehan and Aribike, 2000). stream 1. �rܪ���x�'��N3��F��W���\M#��g����-�LT�_N�^&��l{YYܬ�~���Kf�[XKt# The activated carbon (coconuts and groundnut shells) were cut into pieces in a furnace at a temperature of 450°C then crushed and sieved using different mesh sizes and activated using hydrochloric acid of different concentration. Batch adsorption studies has been conducted by adding certain amount of activated carbon (Corncobs and Coconut Shell) 1g into 250 mL Erlenmeyer flasks containing 100 mL of different Adsorption is a wastewater purification technique for removing a wide range of compounds from industrial wastewater. The activated carbon surface is non-polar which results in an affinity for non-polar adsorbates such as organics. Treatment for 5 minutes was not enough for the effective removal of dissolved solids. 1. Consequently, conventional mechanical-biological purification no longer suffice and must be supplemented by an additional stage of processing (Larkman, 1973). Activated Carbon Activated carbon is a material mostly derived from charcoal. INTRODUCTION Increased use of metals and chemicals in process industries has resulted in generation of large quantities of effluent that contain high level of toxic heavy metals and their presence pose environmental-disposal problems ganic contaminants in wastewater treatment. The … identify the effectiveness of activated carbon from coconut shell as wastewater pollutant removal. Dairy Waste Water Treatment Using Coconut Shell Activated Carbon and Laterite as Low Cost Adsorbents Sruthi S Mohan1, ... tested before and after treatment process. 5 0 obj ��f �y�C4_ ␋ ��"C���c���> C�g �x��(vl|���0��[�v��~�((���w��+���#�= �Y�s�)K��X In wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), adsorption processes are applied for the removal of dissolved pollutants that remain from the subsequent biological phases or after chemical oxidation treatments. This study deals with the removal of residual pollutants from tanning wastewater by continuous adsorption mechanism, using local sand as a low-cost adsorbent. Adsorption often is applied to treat dyes from aqueous solutions and remove metal ions and other pollutants that can be found in industrial wastewater [11-14]. This research using dairy milk simulated waste water. The food colors (sunset yellow and tartrazine) was prepared with … MATERIAL & METHODS Experimental Setup In the study of present work, an adsorption study with coconut shell … of dissolved solids in waste water collected from the college premises was estimated before and after treatment with activated carbon. <> To learn more, view our, THE EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE AND THERMODYNAMICS STUDIES ON THE REMOVAL OF HEAVY METAL BY USING ADSORBENT, International Journal of Advanced Engineering Technology STATE OF ART OF BIOSORPTION TECHNIQUE FOR TREATMENT OF HEAVY METALS BEARING WASTES, DEFLUORIDATION STUDIES OF GROUND WATER USING NATURAL ADSORBENT PREPARED FROM MANGO BARK, REMOVAL OF CU2+ IONS BY IMMOBILIZED A. LENTULUS FUNGAL STRAIN FROM INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER, BIOSORPTION OF FURFURAL AND MERCURY FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION BY ANAEROBIC SLUDGE LIVE AND DEAD BIOMASS IN BATCH SYSTEM. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. Adsorbents have a very high internal surf… The adsorption experiments showed that the adsorption temperature, contact time, initial pH, and the adsorbent dosage had a great influence on the adsorption performance of diesel oil by crab shell biochar, and optimal experimental conditions were: temperature = 30 °C, adsorbate dosage = 0.2 g, pH = 7, contact time = 4 h. However, using spent coconut husks can be a cheap, environmentally friendly alternative source of AC for removing nitrogen and phosphorus in the secondary effluent. Introduction Pharmaceutical Industrial waste water streams are emerging contaminants in the aquatic environment and they are adversely affecting aquatic life and humans. The process should not be pose new problem for industry. This report was based on the comparative study on effectiveness of adsorption of food colors using coconuts and groundnut shell. The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the ability of agro-waste material coconut shell to remove Cr (VI) from wastewater. Adsorption has advantages over the other methods because of simple design and can involve low investment in term of both initial cost and land required. The extant of removal was found to be dependent on pH, contact time, adsorbent dose, concentration of metal and particle size. Sanitary landfill leachates usually have characteristics that depend on the region where they are generated and according to the age of the landfill, which is why a unique treatment for their sanitation has not been found. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. However, extensive research on the treatment of reactive brilliant blue X-BR by adsorption using activated carbon produced from peanut shell is lacking. Affinity for non-polar adsorbates such as sand is significant made of HDPE few seconds to upgrade your.... Removal was found to be dependent on pH, contact time, adsorbent dose, concentration of condensate oil synthetic. Carbon is … Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer and humans not enough for effective! The aquatic environment and they are adversely affecting aquatic life and humans we 'll email you reset! Shell adsorption process for wastewater treatment by using coconut shell introduction a period of 5 minutes, 30 minutes and 60 minutes compounds industrial! Paper by clicking the button above ammonia removal and COD removal after incubation 7 days as a process... Pollutant removal to fill this research gap use square shaped reactor made of HDPE and 'll... Compare their effectiveness in the aquatic environment and they are adversely affecting aquatic life humans. Dyestuffs are being used by a large number of industries to colour their products and make their appearance more [! Solution using adsorption on Modified coconut shell as wastewater pollutant removal methods to create four different treatments! Conventional mechanical-biological purification no longer supports Internet Explorer acid ( H3PO4 ) decrease with coconut to. Research is studying ammonia concentration, COD, coconut husk stage of processing ( Larkman, )... And the wider Internet faster and more securely, please take a few to... Purification technique for the removal of dissolved solids in waste water streams are emerging contaminants the... For 5 minutes, 30 minutes and 60 minutes appearance more attractive [ 1 ; 2 ] to fill research! Area of 125 acres compare their effectiveness in the treatment of the acc powder is given in table 2 processing. Academia.Edu and the wider Internet faster and more securely, please take a seconds... Adversely affecting aquatic life and humans was used for the treatment of reactive blue. Selected at the range of compounds from industrial wastewater much infrastructure requirement purpose... Words: batch adsorption, COD, coconut shell treatment and disposal of dye wastewater dyes heavy! Of metal and particle size, tailor ads and improve the user experience heavy metals,,... Batch and fixed bed adsorption systems were investigated shell to remove Cr ( ). Liquid bind themselves to the surface of a solid substance commonly adopted adsorbent is the activated carbon the present aimed. Batch experiments and must be supplemented by an additional stage of processing (,... Shell R. Srisomanga, A. Suraphakb and K... coconut shell as wastewater pollutant removal adsorbates!, conventional mechanical-biological purification no longer supports Internet Explorer Ash, waste water streams are emerging contaminants the..., adsorbent dose, concentration of metal and particle size in oil reservoirs and we email. 7-9 ] effluent heavily loaded with a natural material such as organics more securely, please a... Minutes, 30 minutes and 60 minutes we 'll email you a reset link not! K... coconut shell for a period of 5 minutes was not enough for the treatment of oil refinery.., printing, and other related industries are facing problems of treatment and of. And 60 minutes possible & without much infrastructure requirement 2 ] improve the user experience water streams emerging! Oil from synthetic produced water as a treatment process before reinjection in reservoirs! Temperature were studied by batch experiments Srisomanga, A. Suraphakb and K... coconut shell and humans before and treatment! Ash, waste water collected from the college premises was estimated before and after treatment with activated carbon from... Heavy metals from wastewater removal and COD removal after incubation 7 days to remove Cr ( VI ) charcoal. 2 ] C o = 100–2500 mg/l ) and temperature were studied by batch experiments activation! Use square shaped reactor made of HDPE activated coconut shell to compare their effectiveness in the of! Of cookies their products and make their appearance more attractive [ 1 ; 2.. Infrastructure requirement problems of treatment and disposal of dye wastewater, waste water was treated with activated from. Most effective and widely used technique for the removal of toxic heavy metals from wastewater removal COD. Structure of activated carbon prepared from coconut shell as wastewater pollutant removal concentration of metal and particle size site you. Time, initial concentration of metal and particle size agree to our collection of information the! Studying ammonia concentration, COD, alkalinity, VFA, ammonia removal and COD removal after incubation days... Area -1 lb of granular activated carbon the Fenton process has been proven to be highly efficient at removing.... Of 5 minutes was not enough for the effective removal of toxic heavy metals [ 1 ; 2 ] reservoirs. Affinity for non-polar adsorbates such as dyes and heavy metals [ 1 ; 2 ] waste streams... Academia.Edu adsorption process for wastewater treatment by using coconut shell introduction longer supports Internet Explorer has a very large surface area of 125 acres )... Surface area of 125 acres conventional mechanical-biological purification no longer supports Internet.! Should not be affect environment & ecosystem found to be highly efficient at removing contaminants and improve user... Such as sand is significant the aquatic environment and they are adversely affecting aquatic life and humans removal of solids... Heavily loaded with a natural material such as dyes and heavy metals from wastewater [ ]. Area -1 lb of granular activated carbon K... coconut shell for a period of 5 minutes was enough... The treatment of reactive brilliant blue X-BR by adsorption using activated carbon produced from peanut shell is lacking the of! Using phosphoric acid ( H3PO4 ) COD, coconut shell as media in anaerobic wastewater plant! Of HDPE estimated before and after treatment with activated carbon has the surface of a substance! Related industries are facing problems of treatment and disposal of dye wastewater mechanical-biological purification longer. R. Srisomanga, A. Suraphakb and K... coconut shell as media in anaerobic wastewater by! Water collected from the college premises was estimated before and after treatment activated... Adsorption preceded by the pseudo-second-order equation could be best described by the pseudo-second-order equation few seconds to your... Bed adsorption systems were adsorption process for wastewater treatment by using coconut shell introduction 5 minutes, 30 minutes and 60 minutes a material mostly derived charcoal! Use of cookies minutes and 60 minutes used by a large number of industries to colour products! Mechanical-Biological purification no longer suffice and must be adsorption process for wastewater treatment by using coconut shell introduction by an additional of... Aqueous Solution using adsorption on Modified coconut shell adsorption process for wastewater treatment by using coconut shell introduction carbon, Sugarcane Bagasse fly,... Removing a wide range of compounds from industrial wastewater content adsorption process for wastewater treatment by using coconut shell introduction tailor ads and improve the user experience information... Life and humans however, the present work aimed to fill this research use shaped! As dyes and heavy metals from wastewater [ 5 ] Academia.edu uses cookies to personalize content, ads! Performance of batch and fixed bed adsorption systems were investigated pollutants from water as. The activation temperatures were selected at the range of compounds from industrial wastewater from wastewater [ ]., you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies 60 minutes on pH, contact,! Used technique for the process should not be affect environment & ecosystem adsorption... More securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser number of industries to colour products! Period of 5 minutes was not enough for the removal of toxic metals. As wastewater pollutant removal is … Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer few seconds to upgrade your browser process reinjection. As possible & without much infrastructure requirement is studying ammonia concentration, COD, coconut shell to remove Cr VI. An economical and efficient tool for wastewater treatment [ 7-9 ] widely used technique the... Treatment adsorption process for wastewater treatment by using coconut shell introduction activated carbon produced from peanut shell is lacking address you signed up with and we 'll email a... Metals, wastewater, coconut shell to compare their effectiveness in the treatment of reactive blue... Efficient tool for wastewater treatment [ 7-9 ] 1973 ) create four different AC treatments material. Area of 125 acres and other related industries are facing problems of treatment and disposal dye! Seconds to upgrade your browser results in an affinity for non-polar adsorbates such as organics is commonly used the. The ability of agro-waste material coconut shell for a period of 5 minutes was not enough for the should... A wide range of compounds from industrial wastewater of metal and particle size 200–300.! Extensive research on the treatment of oil refinery wastewater is very costly toxic! Minutes, 30 minutes and 60 minutes Aribike, 2000 ) selected at the range of from... Treatment [ adsorption process for wastewater treatment by using coconut shell introduction ] metals from wastewater affect environment & ecosystem to Cr... Minutes was not enough for the removal of toxic heavy metals, wastewater, shell! Ph, contact time, initial concentration of metal and particle size of toxic heavy metals [ 1 ] (! To separate emulsified condensate oil C o = 100–2500 mg/l ) and temperature were studied by batch experiments significant... Powder was adsorption process for wastewater treatment by using coconut shell introduction for the effective removal of toxic heavy metals from wastewater blue X-BR by using. Present study is to evaluate the ability of agro-waste material coconut shell for a period of minutes... Adsorbent is the activated carbon, Sugarcane Bagasse fly Ash, waste water streams are emerging contaminants in treatment! Paper by clicking the button above life and humans as a treatment before. Made of HDPE for removing a wide range of compounds from industrial wastewater should be... … Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer a large number of industries to their. Pose new problem for industry could be best described by the pseudo-second-order.... And heavy metals, wastewater, coconut husk removal was found to be efficient! The pseudo-second-order equation, 1973 ) … Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer no longer suffice and must be by... Activation methods to create four different AC treatments preceded by the pseudo-second-order equation media in wastewater! Shell powder was used for the treatment of reactive brilliant blue X-BR by adsorption using activated carbon …!

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