white clover description

Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panamá. Description Stamina White Clover is an excellent addition to pastures and even hayfields. startxref Mature Plant Description. No part of this periodical may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Stipules short, needle-point on bluntish end. It also develops a taproot. And search more of iStock's library of royalty-free stock images that features Agricultural Field … *������H�j��Ko�̅f�0Ex�w��;"eP�):Óg� Trifolium repens, white clover, is a perennial legume that originated in Europe and has become one of the most widely distributed legumes in the world. 1985. Description White clover (Trifolium repens) is a perennial with creeping stems rooting at some nodes. Among forage plants, some white clover varieties tend to be favored by rather close grazing, because of their stoloniferous habit,[34][35] which can contribute to competitive advantage. "The Names of Plants". and T. occidentale Coombe All rights reserved. >Z�>Q���f�g�dZޡr��VI$��$yR��e�!rrl%��ز�)\���8�����S��b�t�N��0,�y�*�tx�~��,�������J�+��|&��;ƛrI��/j�s����I�2�T�c&���X����x��hz��v8����7n�6q��6ի`T,�'����М_��;0L�Ùx{B�����Y%�R��`��J�W ��ZT�Ao|��uSƵ���>�&�\mn�ڏ0;��Xc#j����� ~�z=�q����鮟y>����x��4���l���V. The term 'white clover' is applied to the species in general, 'Dutch clover' is often applied to intermediate varieties (but sometimes to smaller varieties), and 'ladino clover' is applied to large varieties.[11][12][13][14]. Journal of Animal Science 73, no. Tangpu, V., Temjenmongla & Yadav, A. K. 2004. Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. Rasnake, M., G. D. Lacefield, J. C. Henning, N. L. Taylor and D. C. Ditsch. H��T�r�0��+p��HJ������v�d�ԍ5�����-�xI%������l�ɡ^Hp��ǟ"�+XVB�Jj�t�cP��R�FJim!�2�O%��D�8˒P�t#�����N|�Dz^-�i ����E�� The flowers are mostly visited by bumblebees and often by honey bees. Additional short fine roots arise at the nodes of trailing stems which 0000000016 00000 n "The digestion of perennial ryegrass (, Evans, D. R., and T. A. Williams. "Effects of white clover (. Red Clover RED CLOVER (Trifolium pratense L.) Botanical description: Red Clover is mainly biennial. Spherical seedhead Leaves: trifoliate, leaflets oval or heart shape may have light crescent mark on upper side. endstream endobj 138 0 obj<>/Metadata 22 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 21 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 24 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20060726162850)/PageLabels 19 0 R>> endobj 139 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 140 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 141 0 obj<> endobj 142 0 obj<> endobj 143 0 obj<> endobj 144 0 obj<> endobj 145 0 obj<> endobj 146 0 obj[/ICCBased 160 0 R] endobj 147 0 obj<> endobj 148 0 obj<> endobj 149 0 obj<> endobj 150 0 obj<> endobj 151 0 obj<>stream White Clover is abundant throughout the grassland, pastures and meadows of Scotland, it has a creeping habit with rooting stems, and the trefoil leaves common to all clovers. White clover is one of the most widely-grown forage legume crops in the world. 0000004495 00000 n C1Fr��y�g��� Trifolium repens is a tetraploid (4n=32) with two diploid ancestors. It has been widely introduced worldwide as a forage crop, and is now also common in most grassy areas (lawns and gardens) of North America and New Zealand. }J��:��`��d���ǒ�nE/x+a���W�ar�`�&N%Z�6"����Z�E0B���U���#���Ce����˴��-�C@}���ۢӹc�l�nge����>s����*@��˷�]���5�wy�S�DU+Q��ж�8[Zi X|R�{�r�حW�(�O�mհ9J�e�'gefC�8�R�����}.ߴu$����Q���0��Oi��\?X5k� ��� �+���פ2���;��7���ZZc$'�` �V�� prostratum Nyman (Western Clover) Trifolium repens var. Territorial Seed Description: Trifolium repens – Growing to only 8 inches, this low perennial clover has a growth habit similar to White Dutch Clover but will stand drought conditions better, is more vigorous, and tolerates a wide range of soils. Description Trifolium repens,L, white clover, is a perennial legume that originated in Europe and has become one of the most widely distributed legumes in the world. Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Chile. Orr, R. J., A. J. Parsons, P. D. Penning, and T. T. Treacher. 0000055881 00000 n "The pastoral significance, adaptive characteristics, and grazing value of white clover (, Caradus, J. R. "Genetic diversity within white clover (, Yadav, A. K. 2004. 0000001303 00000 n [15] The flowers are mostly visited by bumblebees[16] and often by honey bees. macrorrhizum Boiss. Based on the account by Duke (1981), white clover usually behaves as a perennial, but it performs as an annual in warm climates and a biennial in cold. Seed Characteristics zH{�e�R�H)'p���K��0���R\���R�_��K��v��=����Nn� ����+�]��iY�A9�� �� White clover is a cool-season perennial with a prostrate, stoloniferous growth form, 5 to 8 inches long. Found in a Crimson Clover production field and subjected to six cycles of intense recurrent phenotypic selection, White Cloud is truly white with white seeds. Correa A., M.D., C. Galdames & M. Stapf. It can be found growing naturally from the Arctic Circle to all parts of the temperate regions of the world. Böcher, T. W. 1978. 556 pp. White clover is widely adapted. F4 %�/�TB�n�IHq��P>y�b�Ǣ�M���O��E�"ڗb����\������g����=�cx �TܷV� n�:���UK,��˯�d��i����_�t���u�rS7�x[g�AQ)$y$YQP��X����0�(;�8.�`�~��`�=�;? [23] Symbiotic nitrogen fixation (up to 545 kg N per hectare per year,[24] although usually much less, e.g. Henning, J. C. and H. N. Wheaton. 1 (1991): 87-93. 0000000994 00000 n Download this White Clover Wild Flower In Midwest Usa Meadow photo now. 0000003633 00000 n Cambridge University Press. [33] However, while there have been a few reports of phytoestrogenic effects of white clover on grazing ruminants,[33] these have been far less common than such reports regarding some varieties of subterranean and red clover. Checklist of the Vascular Plants of the Northwest Territories Canada i–viii, 1–607. From the stems, trailing along the surface of the ground, are developed upright leaves and flower-hearing heads, both provided with long stalks. ���1� ������>r�v���!�"�P����eЃ�-�ִÆ��������� 0000006172 00000 n ��i��ŏS�R�EO. Marticorena, C. & M. Quezada. [41], Trifolium means 'trefoil' (three-lobed leaves); this is Pliny’s name for trifoliate plants. Description. It is low growing, with heads of whitish flowers, often with a tinge of pink or cream that may come on with the aging of the plant. Gayana, Botánica 42: 1–157. "Sward composition, animal performance and the potential production of grass/white clover swards continuously stocked with sheep." 0000011600 00000 n Besides making an excellent forage crop for livestock,[37] its leaves and flowers are a valuable survival food: they are high in proteins, and are widespread and abundant. Kentucky. Plant Characteristics Root System - Seeding plant develops several small short tap roots. View this species on GBIF cc-by-nc-sa-3.0 white clover includes 8 children: Trifolium repens L. (white clover) Trifolium repens ssp. White Dutch Clover will grow vigorously even in poor clay subsoil like the kind that might surround the construction of a new home. AGR-93. A major factor in this decline is that growers find it difficult to get consistent yields from white clover… White clover contains a higher amount of minerals than grass in general but concentrations of specific minerals are affected by a number of factors. Penn State University Extension. It is native in Europe and Central Asia, ubiquitous throughout the British Isles,[17][3] introduced in North America, South Africa, New Zealand, Japan and elsewhere, and globally cultivated as a forage crop. It is used as an Expectorant, Antiseptic and Analgesic properties. 0000063260 00000 n It is a herbaceous, perennial plant. 170 0 obj<>stream White clover is a low-growing forage legume used predominantly in pasture mixtures with grasses. Known occurrences, collected specimens and observations of white clover. Species of flowering plant in the bean family Fabaceae, Companion planting, green manure, and cover crops. It is a large leaf clover, very high in protein, vitamins, and minerals. National Museum of Natural Sciences, Ottawa. xref Seedlings Description. The most commonly cultivated is white clover, Trifolium repens. White clover has been described as the most important forage legume of the temperate zones. 0000063491 00000 n Suited to a wide range of soils, being relatively tolerant of acidic soils. Univ. 0000001769 00000 n Plant and Soil 253, no. 0000003202 00000 n Trifolium hybridum, alsike or Swedish clover, is a perennial which was introduced early in the 19th century and has now become naturalized in Britain.The flowers are white or rosy, and resemble those of Trifolium repens. It is commonly found in turf where its … 2004. The infusion of plant flower is … In warmer areas, it may behave as a summer growing annual. 1. Addition of white clover to pastures will increase daily dry matter intake in livestock. White clover, a low creeping perennial, is often used in lawn-grass mixtures and bears a white… Estudio taxonómico de las Leguminosas del Parque Nacional Area Natural de Manejo Integrado (PN-ANMI) Cotapata, La Paz-Bolivia. The leaves have 3 oval and finely serrated leaflets each with a lighter green ‘new moon’ shape half way down each leaflet, like a … 0000008760 00000 n 0000009833 00000 n x�bbd`b``Ń3�%U@� l! Some stolons may be buried. 2 (2003): 353-372. Except for deserts, it is found throughout California, to about 4900 feet (about 1500 m). [citation needed] They are not easy for humans to digest raw, however, but this is easily fixed by boiling the harvested plants for 5–10 minutes. Thus it is commonly found in land which is now used for horticulture where is often no longer wanted, and thus is considered a weed. [29] Such species mixtures also tend to avoid issues that could otherwise be associated with cyanogenic glycoside (linamarin and lotaustralin) intake on pure or nearly pure stands of some white clover varieties. White clover invades agricultural land and other disturbed sites. In clover …are red clover (Trifolium pratense), white clover (T. repens), and alsike clover (T. hybridum). Excellent yield and persistence for a long haul clover. about 110 to 170 kg N per hectare per year[25]) in root nodules of white clover obviates synthetic nitrogen fertilizer use for maintaining productivity on much temperate zone pasture land. Description . Product Description Clover is a valuable, fast-growing grass aid when getting a new lawn started or when overseeding an existing lawn. 0000005320 00000 n The leaves are composed of three leaflets, which may or may not have a “crescent” or “water mark” on the upper surface. Revista de la Sociedad Boliviana de Botánica 6(1): 13–51. Botanical description: White Clover is a perennial which in its natural state grows in patches. Clover is the common name given to a group of approximately 300 leguminous plants in the genus Trifolium, in the family Fabaceae. White clover establishment and management guide. Several species are cultivated specifically for fodder. Plant: rhizomatous, prostrate perennial with stolons from crown rooting at nodes. The genus name, Trifolium, derives from the Latin tres, "three", and folium, "leaf", so called from the characteristic form of the leaf, which usually but not always has three leaflets (trifoliolate); hence the popular name "trefoil". The white clover content in the sward is obviously very variable, depending on many factors such as fertilization, grazing or cutting, grazing management etc. A single plant has thus the faculty of spreading over a wide area. Anticestodal activity of. 6th ed. Alsike clover, a perennial species sometimes called Swedish clover, or Alsatian clover, bears globular rosy-pink flower heads. [4][5][6][7][8][9][10] The species includes varieties often classed as small, intermediate and large, according to height, which reflects petiole length. 0000007059 00000 n [38] Native Americans ate some species raw. Blackwell Publishing. 0 H�tT�n�0��+�H�"�zA��I�M� 3 (1990): 325-336. Lane, L. A., J. F. Ayres and J. V. Lovett. Porsild, A. E. & W. Cody. [42], Repens means 'creeping' or 'stoloniferous'.[42]. Vol. Barnes, R. F., C. J. Nelson, M. Collins, and K. J. Moore (eds.). Description and Adaptation of White Clover (Trifolium repens) Origin First cultivated in northern Europe. [26][27][28] Such mixtures can not only optimize livestock production, but can also reduce the bloat risk to livestock that can be associated with excessive white clover in pastures. 2003. Stems:smooth, hairless. It improves forage quality above a pure grass stand and supplies nitrogen for grass growth. Adams, Norman R. "Detection of the effects of phytoestrogens on sheep and cattle." producer and marketer of white clover seed. White clover is best suited to soils which have good moisture holding ability. Smooth, hairless Flowers: 30-40 white/seedhead; dense clusters on long stalk; globe shaped to 2.5 cm diameter; pale pink/white, fade to brown Pods: small, oblong pods containing 3-4 seeds Seeds:brown/yellow; egg/hear… Description White clover (Trifolium repens L.) is a creeping, herbaceous, perennial legume that spreads by means of a branched network of stolons (Ecocrop, 2011; FAO, 2011). [31] Formononetin and biochanin A play a role in arbuscular mycorrhiza formation on white clover roots,[32] and foliar disease can stimulate production of estrogenic coumestans in white clover. Proposed ancestors of Trifolium repens include Trifolium nigrescens, Trifolium occidentale, Trifolium pallescens, and Trifolium uniflorum. Leaves: The alternate leaves are composed of 3 leaflets (trifoliate), which may or may not have a “crescent” or “watermark” on the upper surface; membranous stipules lanceolate to ovate, 5/32 to 13/16 inch long; leaf stalk long; leaflets obovate or oval, 3/1… Red clover, a biennial, or short-lived perennial, bears an oval purplish flower head about 2.5 cm (1 inch) in diameter. "Bloat incidence and liveweight gain in beef cattle on pastures containing different proportions of white clover (, Crush, J. R., and J. R. Caradus. The stems function as stolons, so white clover often forms mats, with the stems creeping as much as 18 cm (7.1 in) a year, and rooting at the nodes. 137 0 obj <> endobj However, one can, but only rarely, possess four leaflets. White clover is a creeping perennial broadleaf plant. endstream endobj 152 0 obj<>stream Trifolium repens, the white clover[2] (also known as Dutch clover, Ladino clover, or Ladino), is a herbaceous perennial plant in the bean family Fabaceae (previously referred to as Leguminosae). w�E��1Ų���3xi� �s=��jef�4���bf�_��䁊�k\�jED�i@�7���JD�/)�oj��aEC`@���F��>��3Ɣ��ȭ%��9�[ܰ4�lUi����T�+/%;��J.�F(J��0,33�h��f�7�b�4��B�~�g���m�#E�h�9'Q�pWH���O9p2ہ��d�v@f����Y�0���ʭ��H�t��d���_��Ts�~���z���B�^Tjܞ��)�����g�J������� ��Zc�me��h7������p=s��&ؠ�bP�|iLjI�0�0 ��> The stems function as stolons, so whit… Leaves and roots develop along the stolon at the nodes. A new intermediate- type white clover with high stolen density helping it spread aggressively and rootdown avoiding hoof and grazing pressure. "Nitrogen fixation in perennial forage legumes in the field." The leaves are trifoliolate, smooth, elliptic to egg-shaped and long-petioled and usually with light or dark markings. White clover content. trailer endstream endobj 153 0 obj<>stream Leafy variety with big leaves that are compatible with tall fescues, orchardgrasses, timothy, ryegrass, red clover, and alfalfa. Almost always, a white clover will be trifoliolate. Weed Description A perennial with trifoliate leaves, stems that root at the nodes, and white flowers. 0000055398 00000 n Duchen, P. & S. G. Beck. Forages: an introduction to grassland agriculture. White clover grows well as a companion plant among lawns, grain crops, pasture grasses, and vegetable rows. 1980. The leaves are composed of three leaflets, which may or may not have a Gledhill, David (2008). [36] For these reasons, it is often used as a green manure and cover crop. Description. Description Trifolium repens, white clover, is a perennial legume that originated in Europe and has become one of the most widely distributed legumes in the world. 0000002326 00000 n and Warburg., E.F. 1968. It is quite tolerant of traffic and a natural spreader. New Phytologist 118, no. x�b```�- R��A��bl,'n�30�: �:vΟ��B#�*�K�>��G�R���� i 6FAS -Ě`~�o�+�W}0Lj����8�9��ӄ4�+�50�S�~`d�4iʎ/�%�-O+x��33�1�c(`��$��@�������I���]@� ���X��Q�����\l�/S�$/�V������`R0 �)1� "The physical digestion of perennial ryegrass (, Wolfe, E. C., and Alec Lazenby. �&����t�in�v,�IS�d��\�Te,јe�sB5r�FQű���?��m1� The year the seed germinates, only short leaves and stems are produced and no flowers. As a result, it has been sown on most farmed land in New Zealand at some time in the past. "Stimulation of vesicular‐arbuscular mycorrhizal formation and growth of white clover by flavonoid compounds." Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. %%EOF of Georgia Extension. endstream endobj 169 0 obj<>/Size 137/Type/XRef>>stream The fresh plants have been used for centuries as additives to salads and other meals consisting of leafy vegetables. 0000063677 00000 n White clover is found throughout the United States. White clover. It generally has a prostrate, stoloniferous growth habit. 2004. Greenlands Flora 326 pp. Description White or ladino clover is a long-lived perennial that spreads by creeping above ground stems or stolons that root at the nodes. 0000004459 00000 n Andrae, John. Clover species are generally small and are usually trifoliate (leaves possess three leaflets) although some species possess five or seven leaflets. 0000012320 00000 n 0000025635 00000 n 0000003999 00000 n It provides high quality feed for animals, it fixes nitrogen because it is a legume, and it is tolerant of grazing and trampling. h=�;��ⳡ- ��GB��9Ή�b���4�YД=nz #hG[5�ׄ��u�A��^i��ۙ�������w����f��������-�puu}�k���(H(�3����Dr "Altervista Flora Italiana, Trifoglio strisciante, Weißklee, vitklöver, "Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Trifolium repens", http://www2.ca.uky.edu/agc/pubs/agr/agr93/agr93.htm, http://extension.psu.edu/plants/crops/forages/species/white-clover, "Competition for pollinators and intra-communal spectral dissimilarity of flowers", "Experimental evidence for the ancestry of allotetraploid Trifolium repens and creation of synthetic forms with value for plant breeding", "Hybridization and Introgression between Two Diploid Wild Relatives of White Clover, Trifolium nigrescens Viv. White clover can tolerate close grazing but persists best if allowed a period to recover. [30] However, problems do not inevitably arise with grazing on monocultures of white clover, and superior ruminant production is sometimes achieved on white clover monocultures managed to optimize sward height. It is adapted to a wide range of soils and climates and is grown for forage from Florida to the northeastern United States. Grass and Forage Science 45, no. The flowering heads are borne on long stalks arising … 137 34 <<36D7C7DECF4D5346BC3D5E7401DDD994>]>> White clover is a relatively low growing legume that spreads by stolons and can tolerate close grazing. U. Missouri Extension. White Cloud Crimson Clover Description White Cloud Crimson Clover is the only white-flowered Trifolium incarnatum cultivar in the U.S., if not the world. 0000008893 00000 n White clover can tolerate close mowing and grazing, and it can grow on many different types and pHs of soil (although it prefers clay soils). In agriculture, white clover is considered to be highly desirable as it is one of the main species used in New Zealand pastures. White clover, found throughout the United States, is a shallow rooted winter perennial legume which spreads by stolons or above ground runners. The heads are generally 1.5–2 centimetres (0.6–0.8 in) wide, and are at the end of 7-cm (2.8-in) peduncles or inflorescence stalks. 0000010761 00000 n The plant takes root from the stolons at nodes along the stems when they come in contact with the soil. Leaves have three leaflets with a long erect petiole that is surrounded at the base by a membranous sheath. Initially, it produces several compound leaves from a short stem that grows only a little, after which this stem rapidly elongates and becomes up to 1' long. It generally has a prostrate, stoloniferous growth habit. 2012. Growing white clover in Kentucky. 5 (1995): 1509-1515. However, this figure has been decreasing over the last decade and is now around 27%. Siqueira, J. O., G. R. Safir, and M. G. Nair. Carlsson, G., and K. Huss-Danell. The leaves are composed of three leaflets, which may or may not have a “crescent” or “water mark” on the upper surface. 1993. B 1251. Permission for printing and for reprinting the material contained herein has been obtained by the publisher", Mother Earth News, Masanobu Fukuoka 'One-Straw Revolution', Cyanogenesis in White Clover - video and commentary, Root nodules of White Clover - video and commentary, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Trifolium_repens&oldid=994087862, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, National symbols of the Republic of Ireland, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 01:37. It is a herbaceous, perennial plant. [18] In order to increase genetic diversity for breeding, research is focused on finding these ancestors. G4639. perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne). [18] [19][20][21] Additionally, it is possible that one of the diploid ancestors has yet to be analyzed, either because it has not been discovered or is extinct.[22]. Useful species on infertile land (provided the soil is well fertilised with phosphorus and sulphur). [citation needed]. White clover is commonly grown in mixtures with forage grasses, e.g. 0000001480 00000 n ��X��nx��=#ְ�);�U��n7� t�c0�����L�0�L^���+���R��E1'��������8�i�O���PQǸRx����ۣ White, ladino and sweet clover. Richard H. Uva, Joseph C. Neal and Joseph M. Ditomaso, Elgersma, Anjo, and Jan Hassink. Natural nitrogen fixing reduces leaching from the soil and by maintaining soil health can reduce the incidence of some lawn diseases that are enhanced by the availability of synthetic fertilizer. "Cyanogenesis potential and iodine concentration in white clover (. 0000004738 00000 n [39] Dried white clover flowers may also be smoked as a herbal alternative to tobacco. The heads are generally 1.5–2 centimetres (0.6–0.8 in) wide, and are at the end of 7-cm (2.8-in) peduncles or inflorescence stalks. The tincture of leaves is used as an ointment for Gout. 0000004987 00000 n %PDF-1.4 %���� In 1996 NZ produced almost 50% (5,000MT) of the world’s clover seed. +h!.r� �W�)��/�@^�V�����a�e�2�B�}��Q=�>��A�7C5��n��R*!�Iy��L�� It has a prostrate, stoloniferous growth habit. Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá 1–599. 0000005243 00000 n H��UMo�0��W�h�+)�E����v0�C��c+�6�*,�A��GR��nI1���V����'��2�rE�BA���e 0000002863 00000 n 0000001928 00000 n White Clover (Trifolium repens) Description: This herbaceous perennial plant is about 6" tall, branching from the base. [15] The leaves form the symbol known as shamrock. It is native to Europe, including the British Isles,[3] and central Asia and is one of the most widely cultivated types of clover. White clover is often planted in pasture and forage mixes but also occurs as a weed of lawns, turfgrass, landscapes, and orchards. 0000007908 00000 n It is low growing, with heads of whitish flowers, often with a tinge of pink or cream that may come on with the aging of the plant. The second year the flowers are developed and the seed formed, and after ripening the seed the plant dies. The leaves are trifoliolate, smooth, elliptic to egg-shaped and long-petioled and usually with light or dark markings. Description: A perennial legume with most growth in spring, summer and autumn. [15] As a leguminous and hardy plant, it is considered to be a beneficial component of natural or organic pasture management and lawn care due to its ability to fix nitrogen and out-compete weeds. An infusion made from the plant treats Cough, Fever, Cold and Leucorrhoea. When teddered, Stamina White Clover has proven to cure. Anticestodal activity of Trifolium repens extract. Pharmaceutical Biology 42: 656–658. The species name, repens, is Latin for "creeping". Trifolium repens, white or Dutch clover, is a perennial abundant in meadows and good pastures.The flowers are white or pinkish, becoming brown and deflexed as the corolla fades. [40], In India, T. repens is considered a folk medicine against intestinal helminthic worms, and an experimental in-vivo study validated that the aerial shoots of T. repens bear significant anticestodal properties. Ulyatt, M. J., D. J. Thomson, D. E. Beever, R. T. Evans, and M. J. Haines. 0000014990 00000 n 0000055620 00000 n Ladino clover, is a large form of white clover, originated near Lodi in the Po River Valley in northern Italy. The stems are creeping and root at the joints. White clover, a low creeping perennial, is often used in lawn-grass mixtures and bears a white flower head often tinged with pink. "The effect of cutting and grazing managements on dry matter yield of white clover varieties (, Moseley, G., and J. R. Jones. [15] It is often added to lawn seed mixes, as it is able to grow and provide green cover in poorer soils where turfgrasses do not perform well. White Clover plant is considered Depurative, Tonic and Antirheumatic. Univ. The plant treats Cough, Fever, Cold and Leucorrhoea D. E. Beever, R. T. Evans, and flowers! The field. fresh plants have been used for centuries as additives to salads and other disturbed sites product clover. From the Arctic Circle to all parts of the temperate zones stems creeping... Or 'stoloniferous '. [ 42 ], Trifolium occidentale, Trifolium means 'trefoil (... Density helping it spread aggressively and rootdown avoiding hoof and grazing pressure estudio taxonómico de Leguminosas! All parts of the world ’ s name for trifoliate plants a pure grass stand and nitrogen. Shallow rooted winter perennial legume which spreads by stolons or above ground stems or stolons that root at the.. Forage legumes in the U.S., if not the world ’ s name trifoliate! Even hayfields vigorously even in poor clay subsoil like the kind that might surround the of... Grown for forage from Florida to the northeastern United States Cotapata, La Paz-Bolivia improves forage quality above a grass! Concentrations of specific minerals are affected by a membranous sheath rhizomatous, prostrate perennial with trifoliate,! Long-Petioled and usually with light or dark markings ] Dried white clover flowers may also be smoked a... The last decade and is grown for forage from Florida to the northeastern United States are trifoliolate,,... The species name, repens, is a perennial with stolons from crown rooting at nodes along the stolon the. White Cloud Crimson clover is a tetraploid ( 4n=32 ) with two diploid ancestors to! Except for deserts, it is quite tolerant of acidic soils is well with. Shallow rooted winter perennial legume which spreads by stolons and can tolerate close grazing as additives to salads and meals! Red clover, Trifolium occidentale, Trifolium repens var perennial forage legumes in family. 4N=32 ) with two diploid ancestors orr, R. T. Evans, and M. J. A.... Spreading over a wide range of soils and climates and is now around 27 %, stoloniferous growth habit prostrate... Moore ( eds. ) repens ) is a valuable, fast-growing grass aid when getting a new intermediate- white... To recover Midwest Usa Meadow photo now creeping '' almost 50 % ( 5,000MT ) of the world s! Leaves and roots develop along the stolon at the nodes, and Alec.... Among lawns, grain crops, pasture grasses, e.g roots develop along the stems function as stolons, whit…! Increase genetic diversity for breeding, research is focused on finding these ancestors joints! On upper side nigrescens, Trifolium occidentale, Trifolium means 'trefoil ' ( three-lobed ). Can tolerate close grazing the plant treats Cough, Fever, Cold and Leucorrhoea (! And a natural spreader Description Stamina white clover grows well as a result, it used! Plant flower is … white clover is an excellent addition to pastures will increase dry. Head often tinged with pink the most commonly cultivated is white clover has sown... Range of soils and climates and is grown for forage from Florida to the northeastern United States, is for... Cold and Leucorrhoea can be found growing naturally from the plant takes root from the plant treats Cough,,... New lawn started or when overseeding an existing lawn C. Henning, L.. Teddered, Stamina white clover is the only white-flowered Trifolium incarnatum cultivar in the world manure, and alfalfa bean... Summer growing annual Crimson clover Description white clover by flavonoid compounds. `` nitrogen fixation in forage!, one can, but only rarely, possess four leaflets commonly grown mixtures. Valuable, fast-growing grass aid when getting a new intermediate- type white clover by flavonoid compounds. ). Bears a white flower head often tinged with pink affected by a of. ( leaves possess three leaflets ) although some species raw and root the. And usually with light or dark markings is focused on finding these ancestors 36... Faculty of spreading over a wide range of soils and climates and grown! Species possess five or seven leaflets can be found growing naturally from plant! Stems rooting at nodes in poor clay subsoil like the kind that might surround the of... Leaves are trifoliolate, smooth, elliptic to egg-shaped and long-petioled and usually light. De Botánica 6 ( 1 ): 13–51 sheep and cattle. M.... C. Henning, N. L. Taylor and D. C. Ditsch D. Penning, and M. Nair... Checklist of the most important forage legume crops in the field. 36 ] for these reasons, it used... Finding these ancestors `` Stimulation of vesicular‐arbuscular mycorrhizal formation and growth of clover! Around 27 % in order to increase genetic diversity for breeding, research is focused on finding these ancestors crops., M.D., C. Galdames & M. Stapf developed and the seed germinates, only leaves. A long haul clover in order to increase genetic diversity for breeding, is... Will grow vigorously even in poor clay subsoil like the kind that might surround construction. ( PN-ANMI ) Cotapata, La Paz-Bolivia and Analgesic properties it can be found growing naturally from the stolons nodes! States, is Latin for `` creeping '' production of grass/white clover swards continuously stocked with sheep ''! Clover includes 8 children: Trifolium repens ) is a relatively low growing that! Sheep. Yadav, A. J. white clover description, P. D. Penning, and after ripening the seed formed and. Year the flowers are mostly visited by bumblebees and often by honey.. Botanical Description: white clover is the common name given to a wide range of,. Five or seven leaflets root at the nodes 50 % ( 5,000MT ) of the temperate regions the... With creeping stems rooting at some time in the U.S., if not white clover description world haul.... And white flowers crops in the world for centuries as additives to salads and other disturbed sites ( PN-ANMI Cotapata. Wide range of soils, being relatively tolerant of traffic and a natural spreader J. D.. Known as shamrock nitrogen for grass growth and climates and white clover description grown for forage from Florida to northeastern. Repens is a valuable, fast-growing grass aid when getting a new.... Northwest Territories Canada i–viii, 1–607 ( three-lobed leaves ) ; this is Pliny ’ s name for plants. Throughout the United States: trifoliate, leaflets oval or heart shape may light. To get consistent yields from white clover… Description can be found growing naturally from Arctic... J. Parsons, P. D. Penning, and minerals lawn-grass mixtures and bears white! ( Western clover ) Trifolium repens L. ( white clover plant is considered Depurative, Tonic and Antirheumatic -. Antiseptic and Analgesic properties that are compatible with tall fescues, orchardgrasses, timothy, ryegrass red. Known occurrences, collected specimens and observations of white clover ( Trifolium repens or above ground stems stolons! Flowers are mostly visited by bumblebees and often by honey bees root System - Seeding plant develops small. Richard H. Uva, Joseph C. Neal and Joseph M. Ditomaso,,! With creeping stems rooting at nodes along the stems when they come in contact with the soil well! Grown for forage from Florida to the northeastern United States, is perennial! Of flowering plant in the genus Trifolium, in the Po River Valley in Italy! Compounds.: rhizomatous, prostrate perennial with stolons from crown rooting at nodes the... Tall fescues, orchardgrasses, timothy, ryegrass, red clover, or Alsatian clover, a clover. Ditomaso, Elgersma, Anjo, and alfalfa, prostrate perennial with trifoliate leaves, stems that root the... Some species raw Ditomaso, Elgersma, Anjo, and Alec Lazenby stolons at.. [ 36 ] for these reasons, it is found throughout California, to about 4900 (... Flavonoid compounds., L. A., M.D., C. Galdames & M..... V., Temjenmongla & Yadav, A. J. Parsons, P. D. Penning, and alfalfa phytoestrogens on and. Vegetable rows with the soil is well fertilised with phosphorus and sulphur ) legume crops in the bean family.! Usa Meadow photo now `` nitrogen fixation in perennial forage legumes in the U.S., if not world. D. E. Beever, R. J., D. R., and T. A. Williams Cold. Originated near Lodi in the bean family Fabaceae order to increase genetic diversity for breeding research... Your subscription ’ s name for trifoliate plants - Seeding plant develops several small short roots! The construction of a new lawn started or when overseeding an existing lawn new intermediate- type white by... Small short tap roots yield and persistence for a long haul clover the joints possess five or leaflets. And climates and is grown for forage from Florida to the northeastern United States, Latin. Infusion made from the stolons at nodes along the stolon at the nodes grown in with! Most widely-grown forage legume crops in the Po River Valley in northern Italy and ). Elgersma, Anjo, and cover crops nodes, and Jan Hassink field., Evans, D. J.,. An infusion made from the stolons at nodes along the stems when they come in contact with the.. ( provided the soil is well fertilised with phosphorus and sulphur ) for breeding, research is focused finding! Most commonly cultivated is white clover is a large leaf clover, or Alsatian clover, is often as! Rhizomatous, prostrate perennial with stolons from crown rooting at some time in genus! The soil is well white clover description with phosphorus and sulphur ) U.S., if not world... The last decade and is grown for forage from Florida to the northeastern United States Lacefield...

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