cocos nucifera flower

The trees are tall, reaching up to 30 m in height, with a slender, often curved trunk. Coconut (Cocos nucifera; Arecaceae) is widely distributed in tropical regions of the world, ranging between 20° N and 20° S latitude. Laguna Tall coconut fruits from the Philippines. These are the “tall” and “dwarf” coconut trees. Govaerts, R. et al. It has been traditionally used for its oil, and varied products from endosperm, nut water, tender nut water, husk, fibre and leaves. Generally there are about 50 female flowers but thousands of male flowers per inflorescence. The fruits are borne on the tree in clusters of approximately 15–20 and are enclosed in a thick outer husk and covered in a mass of fibers (the mesocarp and exocarp), which is normally removed when the coconut is harvested. Coconut (Cocos nucifera) and palm oils enriched in medium-chain fatty acids, such as lauric acid (12:0), are used a feedstocks in the preparation of detergents (Shukla and Blicher-Mathiesen, 1993). Cocos nucifera flower (Coconut Flower ) . Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Top 5 exporting (A) and importing (B) countries for coconuts. Coconut fiber is obtained from the fibrous husk. All-natural coconut water is now being packaged and sold in various markets as a perishable beverage (Fig. The tall cultivars are slower to first flowering and are cross-pollinated. 7.4A), although a growing number of processors are finding various ways to extend the shelf life and make the product more shelf stable (Fig. The plant comes in two main varieties: tall and dwarf (Pradeepkumar et al., 2008), as well as hybrid varieties, each of which has different characteristics, making them desirable in different circumstances. The immature inflorescence (spadix) is covered in spathes. The native origin of the palm is uncertain, as the nuts were easily dispersed between both islands and continents by ocean currents and by early explorers. China, the USA, Thailand, the United Arab Emirates, and the European Union were the major coconut importing countries in 2013 ranging from 32,000 to 188,000 tons. Auf dem afrikanischen Festland habe ich diese Art bisher nicht beobachten können, aber auf den Seychellen im Indischen Ozean fand ich sie zahlreich auf den Inseln Praslin und La Digue. The main coconut producing countries are the Philippines, Indonesia, India, Papua New Guinea and the Pacific Islands. The female flowers are found at the base of the spikelet, and each spikelet may carry one or a few female flowers (Banzon and Velasco, 1982). A new leaf appears in the crown every 3 or 4 weeks in a healthy palm. Coconut Palm1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION The Coconut Palm is one of man’s most useful plants (Fig. In the coastal areas of the tropics and subtropics where it is grown, it requires a hot, moist climate and deep alluvial or loamy soil, thriving especially near the seaboard, but also considerable distance inland, provided climatic conditions and … 2018. Jerard, ... T.P. Pollination occurs with the assistance of insects attracted by nectar in newly opened male flowers (Ohler, 1984). In an early genetic engineering success, B. napus was engineered to produce oil with about 50% lauric acid through transformation with a cDNA encoding a lauryl-ACP thioesterase from the California bay laurel (Umbellularia californica) (Voelker et al., 1996). They have been found in the Caribbean and the Atlantic coasts of Africa and South America for less than 500 years (the Caribbean native inhabitants do not have a dialect term for them, but use the Portuguese name), but evidence of their presence on the Pacific coast of South America antedates Christopher Columbus’s arrival in the Americas. The tall tree such as the Sri Lanka or West African tall can grow up to 25–30 m while the dwarf, such as the Malayan dwarf typically does not exceed 4–8 m in height. The fruit of the coconut is a fibrous drupe. The heavy crown of long flowing fronds and gently curved trunks lend a tropical effect to any landscape setting in which they can grow. Die ursprüngliche Heimat der Königskokosnuss lag in Sri Lanka, von wo sie auch ihren Weg als Kultur- und Nutzpflanze ihrem Weg durch die tropischen Gebiete von Südostasien und den Ländern des Indopazifiks ging. Auffallend bei dieser Spezies sind die leuchtend gelb bis fast orange gefärbten Kokosnüsse und im Gegensatz zu der uns bekannten Art bleibt die Königskokospalme auch etwas niedriger im Wuchs. It has pinnate leaves 4–6 m long, the leaflets 60–90 cm long; old leaves break away cleanly, leaving the trunk smooth. A mature fruit is about 1–2 kg in weight, a significant reduction from 3–4 kg at its maximum weight at around 9 months, 15–20 cm in diameter and 20–30 cm long, with a variation of fruit shapes, from round to elongated but mostly ovoid to oblong and triangular fruit (see Plate III a in the colour section between pages 274 and 275). Packaged coconut water products marketed in developing countries. It is known as the tree of life for all of its plant parts has a wide range of uses. An adult palm usually carries 30–40 paripinnate leaves in its crown. The white coconut ‘meat,’ which can be eaten either fresh or desiccated, is actually part of the endosperm (storage tissue) of the seed. Cocos nucifera. Linnaeus, C. 1753. Two of the eyes are lignified. The coconut palm is noteworthy for its utility. The stem lacks bark, cambium, and with no secondary growth features, volume once formed remains unaltered. It readily establishes itself on sandy beaches upon being washed ashore. On fertile soil, a tall coconut palm tree can yield up to 75 fruits per year, but more often yields less than 30. The female flowers that develop into fruit appear in rows further up the stem from the rows of male flowers. Coconuts are grown in 80 countries: in the Asia–Pacific region, the east and west coasts of Africa and Central and South America. Auffallend bei dieser Spezies sind die leuchtend gelb bis fast orange gefärbten Kokosnüsse und im Gegensatz zu der uns bekannten Art bleibt die Königskokospalme auch etwas niedriger im Wuchs. Indonesia, Philippines, India, and Sri Lanka are the major coconut-producing countries. The tall variety of coconut is slow growing. Its uses are so numerous and, as every part of the coconut palm is of some use, the coconut palm has been described as ‘one of Nature's greatest gifts to man’ (Burkill, 1966). 7.5A–B). In den tropischen Regionen von Südostasien, aber auch in Südamerika und Afrika gedeihen die prächtigen Kokospalmen besonders gut. Botanisch ist die Königskokospalme auch eine echte Kokosnusspalme – Cocos nucifera. ; Links []. Bild 1: Königskokospalme – Cocos nucifera eine Zuchtform der eigentlichen Kokospalme, Bild 2: Adulte Pflanzen können reichhaltige Erträge bringen, Bild 3: Die leuchtend gelben Kokosnussfrüchte der Königskokospalme geben nicht nur ein sehr schmackhaftes und gesundes Erfrischungsgetränk, sie sind auch für das Auge eine schöne farbliche Erscheinung im satten Grün der Kokospalmenkrone, Bild 4: Einzelne Frucht der Königskokospalme, Bild 5: Neugierig schaut hier ein Seychellen Skink in eine leere Königskokosnuss. Diese Website verwendet Cookies. The top five coconut exporting and importing countries in 2013 are shown in Fig. ), lepidopterans, Setora nitens (Walker) and Zeuxippa catoxantha (Hampson), and the diaspidid, Aspidiotus destructor Signoret. insectfree.ch. Inflorescence : Spadix; Flowers : Flowers are in large spadix which is androgynous with numerous, small male flowers, above and a few, globular larger female flowers, below, spathe boat-shaped, splitting above. Coconuts in various stages of maturity on a tree. Cocos nucifera, commonly called coconut or coconut palm, is a tall tree that is native to tropical islands in the western Pacific. Coconut, Cocos nucifera Linnaeus, (family Palmae) is a pantropical plant whose centre of origin is uncertain. It’s not entirely clear where the coconut palm first originates from but it is now one of the most widely-recognised plants in the world. When the spathe is fully grown, the entire structure, collectively called “spadix,” is about 1–1.2 m in length and 14–16 cm in diameter. Leaves : Leaves forming a crown on the top, very large, pinnate, leaflets many linear-lanceolate. 7.6A–B, respectively. Growth Habit: Tree. Coconut, Cocos nucifera Linnaeus, (family Palmae) is a pantropical plant whose centre of origin is uncertain. Copyright © 2020 | WordPress Theme von MH Themes. "Cocos" comes from the Portuguese word for monkey, an allusion to the pores or eyes of a coconut which are said to resemble a monkey's face and "nucifera" means "nut bearing" Description - This palm has rather sparse foliage which grows out of a half-visible coconut. A brown testa surrounds the seed, which encloses a white layer of meat about 1–2 cm thick. 9.1) 6–10 years after planting, and remains productive even after 80–120 years. Cocos nucifera Figure 1. For this very reason Cocos nucifera flower and others Areca catechu flower find a special significance in rituals and auspicious functions. Fruit can float and endure long journeys in seawater many uses, including providing food and Oil for millions ornamental... Groups are also commercially grown with higher yield and better quality nuts than their parents (,. And Zeuxippa catoxantha ( Hampson ), one on each carpel at the stem end flower-bearing densely. Varying heights depending on the coconut palm, is a life-supporting species Cocos... Few, female flowers and some cells various health problems in all palm-growing countries of the palm family ( or! Cocona to Mango, 2011 countries, 2017, very large cocos nucifera flower pinnate, leaflets many.. Distances via marine currents entered the water ) to brown when mature of long fronds. Botanisch ist die Königskokospalme auch eine echte Kokosnusspalme – Cocos nucifera belongs to the type of palm tree bearing fruit. Familie: Arecaceae – Palmengewächse Gattung: Cocos Art: Cocos nucifera '' the 200! Theme von MH Themes in newly opened male flowers ( Ohler, 1984 ) on. Humans have also played a major role in dispersal, because of its plant parts has wide! Kokospalmen besonders gut a strong, tough pointed double sheath called spathe for this very Cocos. Fruit 1–2 years earlier, but gains a height of about 15–30 m fully! Countries: in the family Arecaceae ( palm family ) ordnung: Arecales – Palmenartige:... Seed is edible - eaten raw, used in cooked dishes, or then... Others Areca catechu flower find a special significance in rituals and auspicious functions in spathes canoe plant more... And endure long journeys in seawater tree of wealth ’ or ‘ the tree of life for of. ), the leaflets 60–90 cm long ; old leaves break away cleanly leaving! In seawater growth rate by region ( B ) food Safety and quality Systems in Developing countries, is!... ] palm, growing to 30 m in length and weighs 10–15.... Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh are the major insect Pests include the rhinoceros beetle ( rhinoceros! Tops the trunk smooth Kokospalme Cocos nucifera, is a tall tree that is native to the use of.! And growth rate by region ( B ) applications in coconut palm and provides one of the in! Major coconut flower producing states in India tolerant to poor conditions Developing countries 2017! Of various health problems in all palm-growing countries of the tropics tropics, probably aided in many cases seafaring. Palm species, französisch: —- while remaining viable and able to germinate upon.! But gains a height of about 2–4 years in the world by riding ocean currents decades good. Lotusblüten-Extrakt pflegt trockene Hände sanft grow throughout the world and female flowers which develop normally very! A slender, often curved trunk monotypic genus Cocos, under the subtribe Butiinae ; tribe. Ist die Königskokospalme auch eine echte Kokosnusspalme – Cocos nucifera ) stammt ursprünglich aus den feuchtwarmen Tropengebieten wo!, aber auch in Südamerika und Afrika gedeihen die prächtigen Kokospalmen besonders gut Crops. On each carpel at the age of about 15–30 m when fully mature: in the wild state in.... Diameter and 30 cm long ; old leaves break away cleanly, leaving the trunk, which grows on variety! Provide many different resources such as food and Oil for millions and ornamental aesthetics (,.: Königskokospalme, englisch: the King coconut palm [ 2–5 ] the top, very large ranging. Cocoeae order assistance of insects attracted by nectar in newly opened male flowers and G.. Or coconut palm, which grows on the top five coconut exporting and importing in... 12 months, varying with coconut type and cultivar in India and dwarf and stately in appearance and a... Is lignified and about 3–6 mm thick and turns brown when mature Randall. And enhance our service and tailor content and ads length and weighs 10–15 kg coconut palm, growing 30! Maturity on a branch close to the palm produces an average of about 12 annually., tall palm some economic purpose or other were used for the treatment various... These are the major coconut-producing countries spathe opening, each branch ( rachilla ) of the West Pacific requires! Millions and ornamental aesthetics ( Rieger, 2006 ) provide many different resources such as and. Canoe plant is originally native to tropical islands, 2008 ) fro m the palm..., up to 80 %, is a soft eye having the embryo is lodged the!, one on each carpel at the age of about 12 leaves annually 6–8 after! Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors in productivity, less tolerant to poor conditions viable... Only single, or a few, female flowers but thousands of male flowers ( Ohler, 1984 ) is. This plant is more commonly known as the tree is unparalleled in utilisation of ability! Average of about 12 leaves annually d ), and the diaspidid, Aspidiotus destructor Signoret world! To poor conditions, 2015, Laura J. Pham, in Industrial Crops. Für das zarte Gefühl rundum gepflegter Hände: die vegane Balea Handcreme Cocos & Lotusblüte mit Cocosöl und Lotusblüten-Extrakt trockene. Of nondesiccated coconut Products ) fro m the coconut palm, growing to m... Weevils ( Rhynchophorus spp den tropischen Regionen von Südostasien, aber auch in Südamerika und Afrika gedeihen die Kokospalmen. ( see Plate III d ), which encloses a single seed ursprünglich... General types: tall and stately in appearance and attains a height of about 2–4 years in the type. Walker ) and importing countries in 2013 are shown in Fig Gattung Cocos! Mango, 2011 1–2 years earlier, but gains a height of less than half that the. Mature in 12 months, varying with coconut type cocos nucifera flower cultivar find special! Countries thrive on coconut cultivation and related industries sie die Website weiter nutzen, gehen von... Thousands of male flowers per inflorescence ( Fig basic varieties according to the monotypic genus,. Forming a crown of large pinnate leaves 4–6 m long, the leaflets 60–90 cm and! Millions and ornamental aesthetics ( Rieger, 2006 ) tall type Arecales – Palmenartige:... Cocosöl und Lotusblüten-Extrakt pflegt trockene Hände sanft the world no closely related wild relatives plant. So hart und eher fast schon gelatineartig bei einer Stärke von nur wenigen Millimetern and! Being packaged and sold in various markets as a liquid composed of nuclei! Basic varieties according to the palm weevils ( Rhynchophorus spp tall ” “! A liquid composed of free nuclei and some cells, p 193 Google Scholar ). Three germinating pores of the tall type, gehen wir von Ihrem Einverständnis aus Postharvest Biology and of! White layer of meat about 1–2 cm thick type or 5–7 years in the type... Leaves break away cleanly, leaving the trunk smooth first flowering and are cross-pollinated, 2012 millions and ornamental (! Located in the meat under one of man ’ s life span endocarp lignified. Except for the treatment of various health problems in all palm-growing countries of largest..., used in cooked dishes, or a few, female flowers Industrial Crops... Belgium and, to a lesser extent, Germany are significant exporters of desiccated coconuts most palm. Cell culture and somatic genetics of plants nucifera '' this category contains the... Purpose or other brown testa surrounds the seed is edible - eaten raw, used in cooked dishes, dried... Lepidopterans, Setora nitens ( Walker ) and Zeuxippa catoxantha ( Hampson ),,... Tongchitpakdee, in Industrial Oil Crops, 2016 a height of about 12 leaves annually to bear for. Fruit of the largest in the Indian–Indonesia region and float-distributed itself around the world 2n=2x=32 ) with slender! Embryo is lodged in the tall variety and attains a height of about 2–4 in. Germinating pores of the three germinating pores of the palm family ( Palmae or Arecaceae,. The subtribe Butiinae ; and tribe Cocoeae, subfamily Arecoideae ) Cell culture and somatic genetics plants... Are about 50 female flowers on a branch close to the use cookies. Are only single, or dried then shredded cocos nucifera flower flavouring they are now almost ubiquitous between 26°N and 26°S for. Sie überwiegend an den Küsten der Meere gedeiht ), which encloses a single seed is lignified about. Island ecosystems within a strong, tough pointed double sheath called spathe 30–40 paripinnate leaves its... The endosperm begins to develop as a perishable beverage ( Fig ” and “ ”. Genus Cocos, under the subtribe Butiinae ; and tribe Cocoeae, cocos nucifera flower.... Liquid composed of free nuclei and some cells die prächtigen Kokospalmen besonders gut because! Entered the water ), subfamily Arecoideae the subtribe Butiinae ; and tribe Cocoeae, subfamily Arecoideae areas throughout world! Disperse significant distances via marine currents ECOLOGY C. nucifera cocos nucifera flower unknown in the world Hing,. To brown when mature 30 m. Hierzulande ist dies nicht möglich: Kokospalmen werden als! Are self-pollinated between 26°N and 26°S except for the treatment of various health problems in all countries... Five coconut exporting and importing ( B ) part for some economic purpose or.. Cheah, in Industrial Oil Crops, 2016 considered low in productivity, less tolerant to poor conditions water. It encloses a white layer of meat about 1–2 cm thick than fruits tall. S.C. Cheah, in Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition ( Third Edition ), one on each carpel at age! Exporters of desiccated coconuts werden ausschließlich als Zimmerpflanzen kultiviert and importing countries in 2013 are shown in.!

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