hoolock gibbon iucn

Beschrijving. It is categorized as Endangered on the IUCN Red List. Male . Of the two, the western hoolock is listed as Endangered in the IUCN Redlist, while the eastern hoolock is listed as Vulnerable, and both species’ populations have been declining due to habitat destruction of various forms and hunting for meat. 1; IUCN., 2014).The elephant is the largest living land animal in Asia and has always been an important part of culture and religions here (Mukul et al., 2012, FAO., 2002, Olivier, 1978). Geissmann, 1995; Rowe, 1996; Marshall & Sugardjito, 1986). Geographically, the natural range pf Hoolock gibbons extends east to the Salween River and west to the Brahmaputra River. The taxonomy of the hoolock gibbon has recently been significantly revised. Rationalise and restore the existing protected area network and improve protected area management; Develop a framework for wildlife conservation focusing on the gibbon as a flagship species outside protected areas and promote ecologically responsible development; Initiate meta-population management for stray and isolated populations; Promote a knowledge-based approach to conservation and an adaptive framework for wildlife management; Reduce existing anthropogenic pressures, including the illegal trade in wildlife, on natural resources. WESTERN HOOLOCK GIBBON Hoolock hoolock De oostelijke hoelok (Hoolock leuconedys) is een soort mensaap uit de familie van de gibbons (Hylobatidae).De oostelijke en de westelijke hoelok (Hoolock hoolock) werden tot 2005 tot dezelfde soort gerekend, of als ondersoorten beschouwd.Het is een kwetsbare diersoort door voorkomt in India, Myanmar en in Yunnan ().. Beschrijving. The following statement was read by Dr Jane Smart, Global Director of the Biodiversity Conservation Group and Director of the Global Species Programme at IUCN, at the fifth Anniversary Celebration of International Gibbon Day on Saturday 24 October 2020. PRELIMS BOOSTER 2018 Hoolock gibbons and United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) Hoolock gibbons primate species of genus Hoolock Endangered — IUCN CITES Appendix I schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972 State Animal of Arunachal Pradesh Habitat Primarily forest dweller inhabits tropical evergreen rainforests, tropical evergreen and semi … Het is verder een typische gibbon, dus een tengere aap zonder staart (een mensaap) met lange armen. We describe a species of Hoolock gibbon (Primates: Hylobatidae) that is new to science from eastern Myanmar and southwestern China. The eastern hoolock gibbon (Hoolock leuconedys) inhabits pockets of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam, and southern China and north-east Myanmar; this specie is listed as ‘vulnerable’ in the IUCN list. of hoolock gibbons for some decades. Photo: Professor Fan Peng-Fei of Sun Yat-Sen University, China. Like other gibbons, hoolock gibbon pairs produce a loud, elaborate song, usually sung as a duet from the forest canopy, in which younger individuals of the family group may join in. For gibbon conservation to be effective, we need to achieve the following Goals: Photo: From top left, clockwise: IUCN SSC, IUCN SSC, Ingdong Nature Conservation, Eco Foundation Global, EJDRONE, DAJI Nature, HINP, ©2020 IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean, Environmental, Economic and Social Policy (CEESP), World Commission on Environmental Law (WCEL), World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA). The species is found in Assam, Mizoram & Meghalaya in India, Bangladesh and in Myanmar west of the Chindwin River. Eastern hoolock gibbon: It inhabits specific pockets of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam in India, and in southern China and north-east Myanmar outside India. Areas with larger hoolock gibbon populations (>15 individuals) were visited repeatedly and for a minimum of 5 d of counting periods to ensure a total count. The following statement was read by Dr Jane Smart, Global Director of the Biodiversity Conservation Group and Director of the Global Species Programme at IUCN, at the fifth Anniversary Celebration of International Gibbon Day on Saturday 24 October 2020. The Hoolock gibbons’ original entire habitat covered about 100,000 square miles (160,000 sq km) and shrunk to 35,000 square miles (56,000 sq km) in 1987. Tinsukia: From 37 in 2004 to 21 in 2020, Hoolock Gibbons, known as tail-less monkeys, which were once abounded in an Assam village, are now dwindling in number, causing worry among environmentalists and nature lovers.. On Tuesday, a 20-year old female Gibbon was the latest one to die in Barekuri - a cluster of village where hoolock gibbon has indeed coexisted peacefully with human … Global ... For UPSC IUCN status is important. Please enter your e-mail address and password below. This genus was argued to contain two distinct species which were previously … Hoolock gibbons have been placed within their own genus, Hoolock, as well as split into two discrete species, the western hoolock gibbon (H. hoolock) and the eastern hoolock (H. leuconedys) (Mootnick & Groves 2005).However, in many publications, the two species are only considered distinct at the subspecific … (Wolfheim, 1983) The western hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) is a primate from the Hylobatidae (gibbon) family. This species is Endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Gibbons: Love is in the air for these tree-dwelling primates, but for the Western Hoolock Gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) there are greater concerns than finding the perfect mate. Mootnick and Groves stated that hoolock gibbons do not belong in the genus Bunopithecus, and placed them in a new genus, Hoolock. It is listed as Vulnerable under the IUCN Redlist. Of all gibbon species, their range extends the farthest north and east (Wolfheim, 1983). These samples came from NHPs in urban, rural, wild and zoo settings throughout Bangladesh. The western hoolock gibbon was designated as one of the top 10 threatened gibbon … We used part of this count data (22 sites) in our analyses to explore the link between hoolock gibbon numbers and habitat variables, About Hoolock Gibbon The forests of north-east India support the highest diversity of primates in India, including the only apes found in the country, the western hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) and the eastern hoolock gibbon (Hoolock leuconedys). Our District. Species threat status is taken from the IUCN Red List of endangered species, available at www.iucnredlist.org At the time of the … Female. The species was listed on Schedule I, the highest schedule, on the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act in 1972. Traditionally, the hoolock has been considered being a member of the genus Hylobates and the monotypic representant of a distinct subgenus (e.g. Of the two, the Western Hoolock is listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN RedList, while the Eastern Hoolock is listed as Endangered. The first modern records on the species in Myanmar were collected in 1983, during assessments for new protected areas in the country. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2020. Photo: Udayan Borthakur Most primate species like the hoolock gibbon are only found within the confines of the forest, the capped langurs, however, are found both inside the forest and on the fringes. Conservation Status of Hoolock Gibbon (Bunopithecus hoolock) in Meghalaya Small apes are frugivores that are dependent on the closed-canopy forest for their diets and locomotion, and are strictly territorial, so they are particularly vulnerable to … For example, in Assam, India, the annual temperature usually ranges between 7°C (44.6°F) and 32°C (89.6°F) (Choudhury 2000). To safeguard and conserve a key element of Asia’s unique natural heritage: the singing gibbons and their habitats, by promoting participatory conservation policies, legislations, and actions. The Skywalker hoolock gibbons' home in the forests of the Gaoligong mountains was previously thought to be the habitat of another population ... (IUCN) to list the Skywalker gibbon as endangered. The song includes an introductory sequence, an organising sequence, and a great call sequence, with the male also contributing to the latter (unlike in some other gibbon species). This website was made possible through generous support from: You must log in to access advanced IUCN Red List functionality. Consider the following statements with reference to the Hoolock Gibbon: The Hoolock Gibbon is the only ape found in India. Conservation of Western Hoolock Gibbon, PHVA Report, 2005 5 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The Western Hoolock Gibbon (Hoolock hoolock hoolock) was assessed as Critically Endangered in Bangladesh and Endangered in India based on IUCN Red List Criteria, Regional Guidelines (IUCN 2003). The western hoolock is listed as Endangered in the IUCN Redlist. However, their population is on a steep decline and the species is listed as ‘Vulnerable’ on the IUCN Red List. Eastern Hoolock Gibbons IUCN list : Vulnerable Wild # Native to Myanmar, NE India, Southern Yunnan China . Strengthen coordination among gibbon conservation projects worldwide including zoos; Increase awareness of scientifically-sound practice in gibbon conservation; Provide IUCN-endorsed guidelines to conservationists, field scientists and decision makers; Develop Conservation Action Plans that clarify priorities in gibbon conservation for practitioners, decision makers and donors; Ensure that The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. De westelijke hoelok is een relatief grote gibbon die gemiddeld 81 cm lang is. (rhesus macaque, pig-tailed macaque, Hoolock gibbon, capped langur, golden langur, slow loris) were collected and sent to our collaborators at the CDC's Polio & Picornavirus Branch. Small apes are frugivores that are dependent on the closed-canopy forest for their diets and locomotion, and are strictly territorial, so … Involve communities in conservation efforts. We conducted a survey of the distribution and population status of the eastern hoolock gibbon Hoolock leuconedys in non-protected fragmented forest areas of the Lower Dibang Valley district of Arunachal Pradesh, India, during September 2010–June 2011. We describe a species of Hoolock gibbon (Primates: Hylobatidae) that is new to science from eastern Myanmar and southwestern China. This species is found particularly east of the Chindwin River in Myanmar and in southwest Yunnan (China). The IUCN lists all five Malaysian species as Endangered (A2cd) due to habitat loss, degradation, and fragmentation and hunting. This 688.88 ha forest beat of Rangamati South Forest Division consists of 617.81 ha natural vegetation of Bursera serrata, Ficus sp., Syzygium grandis, Terminalia belerica, Garuga pinnata, Phyllanthus emblica; 71.47 ha mixed plantation of Shorea robusta, Hopea odorata etc. Areas with larger hoolock gibbon populations (>15 individuals) were visited repeatedly and for a minimum of 5 d of counting periods to ensure a total count. Like other gibbons, hoolock gibbon pairs produce a loud, elaborate song, usually sung as a duet from the forest canopy, in which younger individuals of the family group may join in. The event was held in Haikou, Hainan Province, China, with all the international guests joining online. The genus of hoolock gibbons comprises two previously described living species, the western (Hoolock hoolock) and eastern hoolock (H. leuconedys) gibbons, geographically isolated by the Chindwin River.We assessed the morphological and genetic … The eastern hoolock gibbon: It inhabits specific pockets of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam in India, and southern China and north-east Myanmar. This species is found in extreme eastern corner of Assam and parts of Arunachal Pradesh, Myanmar east of the Chindwin River, such as the Mahamyaing Wildlife Sanctuary, and in south west Yunnan of China. Western hoolock gibbon ( Hoolock hoolock ) is listed as an endangered mammal in IUCN Red List. Annual rainfall is usually between 130 and 400 cm (51.2 and 157.5 in) (Choudhury 1991). The Hoolock Gibbon (Bunopithecus hoolock) is a species of concern belonging in the species group "mammals" and found in the following area (s): China, India, Southeast Asia. The western hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) is a primate from the Hylobatidae (gibbon) family. The event was held in Haikou, Hainan Province, China, with all the international guests joining online. With long and slender arms, hoolock gibbons are swift creatures, barely needing to step on the ground. Mootnick and Groves stated that hoolock gibbons do not belong in the genus Bunopithecus, and placed them in a new genus, Hoolock. The song includes an introductory sequence, an organising sequence, and a great call sequence, with the male also contributing to the latter (unlike in some other gibbon species). It is distinguished from the Eastern Hoolock Gibbon by the females being more uniform of color and the gap between the eyebrows being indistinct. Mating occurs during the summer rainy season with births during the winter, usually between September and January (McCann 1933; Alfred 1992; Tilson 1979; Choudhury 1990; Alfred 1992; Ahsan 2001). The name "Hoolock" is an onomatopoeia derived from the sound made when this species sings. Provide direct technical support to implementing projects engaged with gibbon conservation. It is categorized as Endangered on the IUCN Red List. The following statement was read by Dr Jane Smart, Global Director of the Biodiversity Conservation Group and Director of the Global Species Programme at IUCN, at the fifth Anniversary Celebration of International Gibbon Day on Saturday 24 October 2020. and monoculture of Tectona grandis. Hoolock Gibbon and Biodiversity Survey, Karen State 4 Saw Blaw Htoo & Grindley (2010) ii. North eastern forest of India are home of various endangered species including only species of ape, Western Hoolock gibbon. The eastern hoolock gibbon (Hoolock leuconedys) is a primate from the gibbon family, Hylobatidae.It is one of three species of hoolock gibbon.This species is found in extreme eastern corner of Assam and parts of Arunachal Pradesh, Myanmar east of the Chindwin River, such as the Mahamyaing Wildlife Sanctuary, and in south west Yunnan of China. The Eastern Hoolock Gibbon (Hoolock leuconedys) is one of two species of Hoolock Gibbon. The area has hoolock, Rhesus macaque, Pig-tailed macaque, Capped langur and Ph… About Us; Superintendent’s Message; District Leadership of hoolock gibbons for some decades. Indian records of the species likely to actually represent the Western Hoolock The species has experienced a drastic population decline in the last 30 to […] The International Union for Conservation of Nature lists the western Hoolock gibbon as Endangered, appearing on the IUCN’s Red List of Threatened Species (IUCN, 2017). The total population is estimated to stand at more than 10,000 individuals, with a 2013 survey putting the number perhaps as high as 50,000. Improve conservation awareness for local communities; Stabilise and develop livelihood buffer zone communities; Harmonise the benefits of conservation and livelihood development, ensuring that the use of wild living resources is sustainable; Encourage the participation of local communities and stakeholders in the management of protected areas; To become a showcase model of species conservation at international level; Promote internal resources for gibbons conservation and development, and other biodiversity values; Protect, expand and improve the quality of habitat and create corridors connecting areas of high biodiversity; Build wildlife rescue centers, research and store rare genetic resources, improve management and law enforcement capacity, create links of  expertise with  ex situ centers (zoo). (Image: © Zoological Society of London) In a galaxy not so far way, there's a new Skywalker in town. To save searches and access a historical view of information you have downloaded you are required to register for an account. Version 2020-3. The event was held in Haikou, Hainan Province, China, with all the international guests joining online. PDF | On Nov 20, 2017, Alexander Nater and others published Morphometric, Behavioral, and Genomic Evidence for a New Orangutan Species | Find, read and cite all … A sister species to the western hoolock gibbon, the eastern species is listed by the IUCN as vulnerable, and is found mostly in Myanmar. The species is found in Assam, Bangladesh and in Myanmar west of the Chindwin River. © International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. "Hoolock" of "Voolock" was de inheemse naam voor de soort. Mannetjes wegen gemiddeld 6,9 kg, vrouwtjes 6,1 kg. World Dugong Day 2020 | UPSC. All schools are in session. Hoolock Gibbon. However, it’s also edged with sadness – as we’re also calling for the IUCN to immediately confer Endangered status on the Skywalker hoolock gibbon, which faces the same grave and imminent risk to its survival as many other small ape species in southern China … Hoolock gibbons are typically monogamous, living in mating pairs with offspring (Siddiqi 1986; Choudhury 1991; Gupta et al. Two species of Hoolock Gibbon are found inhabiting the Indian forests. The genus of hoolock gibbons comprises two previously described living species, the western (Hoolock hoolock) and eastern hoolock (H. leuconedys) gibbons, geographically isolated by the Chindwin River.We assessed the morphological and genetic … IUCN Status: The western hoolock is listed as Endangered in the IUCN Red List and the eastern hoolock is listed as Vulnerable , The species is found in Assam, Bangladesh and in Myanmar west of the Chindwin River. A new gibbon species was discovered in … This species has 38 chromosomes and sing a duet. The Hollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary is one of the last strongholds of the western hoolock gibbon, which the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) lists as an endangered species on its Red List. A male Skywalker hoolock gibbon. According the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, the Western Hoolock Gibbon is listed as Endangered, as there is reason to believe the species has declined by at least 50% over the past three generations. The hoolock gibbons are three primate species of genus Hoolock in the gibbon family, Hylobatidae, native to eastern Bangladesh, Northeast India, Myanmar and Southwest China. The eastern hoolock gibbon (Hoolock leuconedys) is a primate from the gibbon family, Hylobatidae. ii The Conservation Status of Hoolock Gibbons in Myanmar Suggested citation: Geissmann, T., Grindley, M. E., Ngwe Lwin, Saw Soe Aung, Thet Naing Aung, Saw Blaw Htoo, and Momberg, F. (2013). All hoolock gibbons in each site were located and counted. An ideal gibbon habitat in Abongo village. Hoolock gibbons threatened with extinction in two manipur districts.Western hoolock gibbons have declined by almost 90% over the last 30 years . The western hoolock gibbon was designated as one of the top 10 threatened gibbon … It is one of three species of hoolock gibbon. This forest beat of Kaptai Range is mostly bisected by the flow of Karnafuli River into Rampahar and Sitapahar blocks. Measuring Recovery with the IUCN Green Status of Species. Hoolock hoolock (Harlan 1834) Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 Reference taxon from ITIS Global in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life This species is listed as endangered species in IUCN Red list with less than 5000 individual left in wild. Fecal specimens were tested for In general, hoolock gibbon habitats are tropical with wet, hot summers with monsoon rains and dry cool winters. The IUCN SSC Primate Specialist Group Section on Small Apes and the International Collaboration to Conserve Gibbons and Siamang have joined forces with The Hainan Institute of National Parks and Eco Foundation Global to establish the Global Gibbon Network Initiative. The Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) and Western Hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) are two species of global conservation importance that are limited to only tropical Asian forests (Fig. Wednesday, December 2nd 2020. While the IUCN categories these gibbons, found in Mishmi Hills and some parts of Sadiya in Assam, as the eastern hoolock gibbon, renowned conservationist Anwaruddin Choudhury identified them as a sub-species of the western hoolock gibbon in 2013. The species’ populations have been declining due to habitat destruction of various forms and hunting for meat. The species was listed on Schedule I, the highest schedule, on the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act in 1972. Recent molecular evidence documented that the distance among gibbon subgenera was as large or larger than the distance between chimpanzees (Pan) and humans (Homo) (Roos & … We used part of this count data (22 sites) in our analyses to explore the link between hoolock gibbon numbers and habitat variables, The IUCN lists all five Malaysian species as Endangered (A2cd) due to habitat loss, degradation, and fragmentation and hunting. It is the second largest Gibbon in the world. Hoolock gibbons are about 32 inches tall, have no tail, and, depending on the sex, weigh an average of 13 pounds (female) or 15 pounds (male), … Gaoligong hoolock gibbon (Hoolock tianxing), also known as Skywalker hoolock gibbon, was previously regarded as the easternmost population of Eastern hoolock gibbon (H. leuconedys), until scientifically described as a distinct species in 2017 based on its unique genetical and morphological characters (Fan et al., 2017). 2005). However, it’s also edged with sadness – as we’re also calling for the IUCN to immediately confer Endangered status on the Skywalker hoolock gibbon, which faces the same grave and imminent risk to its survival as many other small ape species in southern China and Southeast Asia due to … . All hoolock gibbons in each site were located and counted. The Hoolock gibbon is a rare primate and the only species of ape in the Indian sub-continent. Bunopithecus hoolock is found in forested areas from eastern India and Bangladesh to Myanmar and southern China. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. The conservation status of hoolock gibbons in Promote local capacity, conservation education and awareness; and. Western Hoolock female (Photo: Stock image) Until recently, almost nothing was known about the status of Hoolock Gibbon in Myanmar. It is protected under Schedule-I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972, and is listed as ‘Endangered’ by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). An adult female Skywalker Hoolock Gibbon (Hoolock tianxing). Apr 29, 2020 - The only tribe of apes inhabiting the country is the Hoolock Gibbons, found in the North-east forests. We found 40–43 groups, with a mean group size of 3.9, and five solitary individuals. We conducted an intensive survey of the Vulnerable eastern hoolock gibbon Hoolock leuconedys along the west bank of the Salween River in southern China, covering all known hoolock gibbon populations in China. Gibbons: Love is in the air for these tree-dwelling primates, but for the Western Hoolock Gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) there are greater concerns than finding the perfect mate. Hoolock Gibbon by Dr Raju Kasambe 03.JPG 768 × 791; 103 KB Hoolock Gibbon DSCN1410 01.jpg 4,608 × 3,456; 4.29 MB Hoolock Gibbon DSCN1410 02.jpg 4,608 × 3,456; 6.62 MB The western hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) is a primate from the gibbon family, Hylobatidae. Abstract The report details the results of a gibbon status assessment made on Khe Shor Ter Mountain, Karen State, Myanmar in April 2010 by a team of researchers from the … On the species ’ populations have been declining due to habitat destruction of Endangered... Gibbon conservation, hot summers with monsoon rains and dry cool winters Zoological Society of London ) in new... The world Hainan Province, China, with all the international guests joining online China ) the Hylobates... Gibbon conservation Indian Wildlife ( Protection ) Act in 1972, barely needing step! And natural Resources found particularly east of the Chindwin River in Myanmar were in... 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