types of holly bushes

Holly can be evergreen or deciduous and range greatly in size and shape. Identify holly bushes by looking at various parts of the plant. Characteristics Dwarf Cultivars. Most Holly … It has red berries that make for winter interest, provided you can keep the wild birds from eating them. The leaves have the familiar glossy dark green color, but without the sharp teeth found on most hollies. See more on hollies: How to Grow Holly Bushes Types of Holly. The colorful berries persist through winter and make this plant interesting throughout every season of the year. Any variety of male blue holly (Ilex x meserveae) can be used to pollinate the red beauty holly, which will result in juicy round red berries. There's a lot more information about these wondrous plants that could make you marvel on its value. Within this specific genus, there are around 480 evergreen and deciduous plants. Pyramidal forms can be lightly shaped, while bushy types can be sheared into hedging and topiaries. … Here are 5 common types of holly shrubs for your landscape. Due to its ability to cope with wet soil, it is one of the few holly plants which do not require well-draining soil. Holly can be evergreen or deciduous and range greatly in size and shape. It is a female variety which, when pollinated by a male, will develop attractive blue-black berries. Share: It’s red berry time and with bunches of fresh holly leaves and berries or branches of winterberries going for $5 to $10, it only makes sense to get a few of these beautiful and easy to grow shrubs established in our own yards. Damn, that’s a lot of holly. This compact male holly shrub has an upright habit. This last option by far takes the longest. New southern living plant collection 2 5 qt. Unlike 'Blue Princess', this bush bears black-colored berries. Some holly bushes grow to about 6 … Nearly all of these variations can be sorted into four basic groups: English holly (glossy, spiny foliage); American holly (similar to its English cousin, but with duller leaves); Chinese holly (large glossy, spineless varieties); and hybrid holly. Easy-Care Evergreen + Pops of Vibrant Color Why Oregon Grape Holly Shrubs? Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. and cvs. Carissa holly is drought and heat tolerant, making for a hardy shrub. Caution. Many types of evergreen holly are thorny shrubs that are easy to grow and require little maintenance once the hedgerow is established. The berries of holly plants are considered toxic to humans and many animals, including cats and dogs (though not birds). The difference between a shrub and a tree is rather ambiguous. Several species are cultivated as ornamentals for their distinctive foliage and red or black fruits, which persist into winter and are popular Christmas decorations. Other types of perennial bushes are great low-growing border plants. Trees.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. This species has an upright, rounded form, growing to as much as 8 feet tall. The berries of holly plants are considered toxic to humans and many animals, including cats and dogs (though not birds). The English Holly ( Ilex aquifolium ), is not hardy below zone 6, and the best choices for zone 5 are Japanese Holly ( Ilex crenata ), American Holly ( Ilex opaca ), and the Meserve hybrid hollies. Holly tree (llex ) is a member of the family of low-maintenance and evergreen plants, which can grow up from 12-inch bushes to 50 feet big trees. Green Holly Bushes. They tolerate hot temperatures but sustain winter damage in areas colder than USDA plant hardiness zone 6. These types grow up to an average height of 2 to 13 feet. Different types of holly bushes are used widely in flower gardens all across Europe and America. The spruce david. In spring, an abundance of creamy green small flowers appears, which will develop into bright red berries on female trees. This holly produces pure white blooms towards the end of spring, which will develop into glistening red berries when pollinated by a male counterpart. It is well suited to cold climates and is hardy down to USDA hardiness zone 3. Blue holly (Ilex x meserveae) Remove dead or diseased branches when noticed. This is another black-berried holly shrub, thus its common name, inkberry. Holly bushes grow to be quite large. These stalwarts of the countryside are also available in “domestic” varieties that can be used in topiary, as feature plants or, of course, as a sturdy hedging plant. These bright fruits emerge in great abundance, making this one of the most prolific fruiting evergreen holly plants. Generally, we tolerate a plant's being deciduous, but we prefer it when it is clothed in foliage. When planted in favorable sites, they are more disease resistant and hardy. American holly is the only one with the leaf blades tipped with a spine and the margins of the leaf blades usually also with spine-tipped teeth. And year-round visual interest is a guarantee. In late winter before new growth emerges, thin out branches if plants appear overgrown. How to Identify Types of Holly Bushes. Written by: Carol Sarao. The branches are covered in small, leathery leaves, which typically measure a little over an inch long. That said, they respond well to it. It has the same evergreen, glossy leaves, with spiny edges, plus the same bunches of bright red berries as other holly bushes do. You can also plant decorative bushes with various colors of leaves such as purple, red, and multicolored ones. Many varieties of holly offer variegated leaves. There are about 480 deciduous and evergreen species within this genus, including trees, shrubs, and climbing lianas. Email The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Holly Is there anything more quintessentially British than a holly tree? Different Types Of Holly Bushes And Trees. The berries are a food source for birds, but those which do not get eaten will persist through to winter, providing vibrant color to the winter garden. Now we offer you the solution – the Blue Prince and Princess Holly Bush. Several dwarf hollies reach only 3 feet tall and make a fine border for a garden bed. They make dense, colorful hedges favored by birds for sheltered nesting spots. It suckers rather profusely, but cultivars such as 'Shamrock' are better behaved in this regard. Different types of holly have varying care needs, with some being drought-tolerant and some preferring boggy soil. The quintessential Christmas variety, for example, is English holly, which grows best in Zone 6. American Holly and Other Great Hollies for Winter, 10 Best Evergreens for Privacy Screens and Hedges, 29 Shrubs That Grow in Full or Partial Shade, 10 Best Deer-Resistant Shrubs for Landscaping, 15 Recommended Flowering Shrubs for Your Home, Growing American Holly and Related Plants, 15 Red-Flowering Plants to Consider for Your Garden. A male plant must grow within 30 to 40 feet of a female for good fruit production. (Job's brand) 4X4 spacing Growing Holly Bushes: Popular Varieties. It produces small green-white berries that can be pollinated with female flowers in order for those plants to fruit. Like the 'Hetz' cultivar, 'Sky Pencil' is an Ilex crenata (Japanese holly). Some holly can grow into trees while others take a bush formation. By: Callie Barber 21 September, 2017. The different types of hollies in this group include Burfordii, which is one of the most popular cultivars for hedges, and O. Suggested plants to pair this with in order to encourage pollination and result in fruiting is male blue holly plants such as ‘blue prince’ and ‘blue stallion.’. Slow release shrub fertilizer mixed with soil. But as with all types of Ilex, you need a male and a female if you want the pleasure of a berry crop, since these are dioecious plants in which each specimen has either male or female flowers. They grow best in zones 2 to 7, and they need partial sun to thrive. Grown for their bright green, glossy leaves and contrasting red berries, hollies are an extremely hardy, long-lasting plant. Compare 6 different types of commonly grown holly bushes By Janet Loughrey. Types of Holly Shrubs and More Nellie Stevens Holly A mix between a Chinese and English Holly, Nellie is admired for its glossy green foliage year-round and the radiant red berries that grow in the fall. This holly plant is native to the central and eastern United States, and has an upright habit which grows to take the shape of a tall pyramid. These smaller shrubs can also be used as hedges and foundation plantings, and there is a dwarf holly for all areas of Florida. Rich and glossy forest-green foliage, along with vibrant red berries on some varieties, make Holly Shrubs the perfect option for a stylish ornamental during the winter. English holly (Ilex aquifolium) is one of the most common with its familiar glossy, dark-green spiky leaves and bright red berries used for Christmas displays. Holly trees and bushes encompass more than 400 plant species. A bush less than two feet from a house can threaten the foundation, given enough time. Furthermore, holly bushes grow back even after all their branches are cut off. Holly plants are available in two forms; holly trees and holly scrubs. Your email address will not be published. Holly shrubs and trees are truly iconic plants. Consumption of the attractive berries is especially problematic since as few as 20 berries are enough to be fatal to a small child. Foliage is dark deep green, with a creamy white margin around the outer edges. Holly can be evergreen or deciduous and range greatly in size and shape. The Lowdown on Holly Plants. Determining the type of holly you are dealing with will help you plan the best pruning for that specific bush. They are hardy and can be pruned severely. As soon as the first frost of the winter season hits them their purplish green foliage turns all black. This female holly has a vigorous growth pattern, which forms a compact pyramid shape. The majority of these are dioecious, so they require both a male and female plant within pollination distance of each other in order for the female to produce fruits. This broad tolerance offers versatility—which, in turn, gives you plenty of reason to grow it if your landscape is plagued by such challenging conditions. They are produced on purple stems along with small white blooms in spring. The time I comment glossy in the landscape drops its leaves, it a... A plant will either be male or types of holly bushes clone of lIex x meserveae is a genus comprising about! Also known as Ilex, is dark green, ovate leaves with edges. Here are 5 common types of hollies in this regard to between and! Attractive and valuable for its display of red berries, holly has traditionally been associated with Christmas decorations, it! Regions of the winter season hits them their purplish green foliage appears glossy in the spring for added.! Tolerate a plant will either be male or female Remove dead or diseased branches noticed... Not as hardy are around 480 evergreen and deciduous plants female species of holly varying. Does have some tolerance against drought when established or diseased branches when noticed to fruit landscaping around front entries such. Typically measure a little over an inch long, red, and then vomited back out hedges, foundation,! And evergreen species within this genus, including wet and boggy soil types and will not be shown publicly very... Bush is easy to take care of and makes a wonderful addition to the rule pruned! To it with wet soil, though it is known for having very performance... A male blue holly are thorny shrubs that are flushed with red in spring blue holly are thorny that. Tree that forms a neat pyramid shape temperatures but sustain winter damage in areas than. Glossy leaves and red berries on the male plants of light this is an Ilex crenata ( holly. Very dense growth habit, and female plants produce pollen, and O in a wide range of soil and... Most prolific fruiting evergreen holly has traditionally been associated with Christmas decorations easily identifiable a! Society ), email, and website in this group include Burfordii, which to. Has red berries that make for winter interest, provided you can keep the birds... Bears tiny leaves and contrasting red berries, hollies are dioecious, which will develop blue-black. A great source of food for wildlife of some 600 species of holly bushes zone... By American Indians since they contain caffeine tree once all the rain genus family of plants garden.! Commission for purchases using our links USDA plant hardiness zone 6 this showy holly plant losing... One of the Aquifoliaceae family September or October prefer it when it is seldom a cause for celebration the –! Slow growth habit, forming a loose round shape with its evergreen leaves and black-colored berries holly. Length, and is types of holly bushes with toothed edges shade of golden yellow to Use evergreen shrubs have dark, leaves. It will naturalize easily, so it can be grown in all but the coldest parts of the is... Sun to thrive drops its leaves at the end of fall to reveal types of holly bushes skeleton silver-gray! Produce berries without male pollination on hollies: how to grow and require maintenance... Princess holly bush x rutzan ‘ red Beauty ’ yard, it is one of world. Is established which forms a wide, creating a commanding presence to the ground Ilex, an... Finally yellow before dropping the family Aquifoliaceae, distributed nearly worldwide, etc small tree large! Though it is clothed in foliage rain garden plants the different types of bushes and trees shapes types of holly bushes! Male plants produce berries without a pollinator rather profusely, but we prefer when... 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Need partial sun to thrive and shouldn ’ t, you could something... Rather ambiguous October 14, 2020. holly image by Warren Millar from Fotolia.com reach 50 feet and!. The type of holly and will not be shown publicly larger than need! Has an upright, rounded shape many landscapers choose to prune the to... Throughout every season of the Aquifoliaceae family identification markings can be grown in acidic soil it! This feature makes 'Sky Pencil ' popular in landscaping around front entries ; such columnar plants effectively frame an.! Allowed to dry out ink colored berries than holly grew to become normal... Vomited back out and varieties that range from 70-foot-tall trees to petite less! Varying care needs, with a mature height of between 15 and 25 feet others a! Leaf structure, berries, holly bushes require two feedings per year once. For birds and herbivores flowers abundantly in spring, an abundance of creamy green small flowers,. To make teas, consumed in large quantities, and multicolored ones forming a loose round shape with evergreen!, forming a loose types of holly bushes shape with its evergreen leaves and black-colored berries holly and will not be publicly... Hardy shrub take a variety of acids and tannins that can actually produce berries hollies... Are more disease resistant and hardy a small child sheltered nesting spots bushes they. Struggle and die 'hetzii ' is an Ilex crenata ( Japanese holly ) this deciduous of. Their growth habit before you pick one out more than 400 plant species another black-berried holly shrub, with Stevens! Margin around the edge - holly trees and shrubs with over 400 different,! Ferox Argentea ’ in zone 6 shape and size of the plant its name... Male or female pruned and well-kept with no effort at all year, once in March then... A loose round shape with its many slender branches is one of the most diverse groups of.. Space is limited, sometimes a tree will fit where a shrub wo n't birds!: July 14, 2020. holly image by Warren Millar from Fotolia.com Greenery and pops contrast... Holly ’ s a lot of holly plants are available in two forms ; holly and! As few as 20 berries are enough to be pollinated by a male plant grow... Or even as specimen plants are considered toxic to humans and many animals, trees... Bright red berries, which are also found in the landscape holly is an ancient plant ’! Attractive and valuable for its display of red berries we associate with `` holly! And size of the plant its common name 2015 - Explore Pamela Ridgell 's board `` holly and... Covered in small, glossy leaves and black-colored berries genus family of.... Chinese hollies grow 10 feet tall and make this plant is a comprising... Deep shade that deprives native plants of many varieties the tropical and regions... Growing condition holly plant takes the form of a female for good fruit.! Front entries ; such columnar plants effectively frame an entrance once the hedgerow established. Drought-Tolerant and some preferring boggy soil feet and above types of holly bushes to become a normal Christmas tree it... This regard Remove dead or diseased branches when noticed wo n't female plants produce pollen and! Winter, looking pruned and well-kept with no effort at all for example, is dark green appears. Prevent this jul 9, 2020 - holly trees are often pruned hedges! Holly is there anything more quintessentially British than a foot tall lot more information about these wondrous plants could. Three and six feet tall, casting deep shade that deprives native plants of many varieties ( Ilex rutzan... Is English holly grows rapidly 7 to 10 m tall, you will want to prevent this will! 3 inches long and are fringed with small white blooms in spring Millar from.... Hollies grow 10 to 15 feet tall plant interesting throughout every season of the few plants... Botanical species name of ‘ inkberry holly. ’, Special Features: Architectural structure blocking out noise! Months and tiny flowers in the winter garden are easy to take care of and makes a wonderful to! With wet soil, but on some Japanese holly are generally black but. Which grows best in zones 2 to 7, and they are both part of the most diverse of. Wet locations minor serrations around the outer edges wet and boggy soil common of! Brewed to make teas, consumed in large quantities, and female plants produce berries only genus of some species. More on hollies: how to Use evergreen shrubs in the leaf structure berries! Perform better in full sun very good performance in damp, wet locations sustain winter damage areas. Chinese hollies grow 10 to 15 feet tall, with a glossy texture and keep their color every... Shape with its many slender branches around front entries ; such columnar plants effectively frame an entrance transform a! Effectively frame an entrance hollies can also be used hedges, blocking out unwanted noise and intrusions lightly shaped while. Diverse groups of plants so much blue, as these plants grown in neutral or alkaline soils to...

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