lignification definition plants

Hence, lignification, among other features, is thought to be important in reaction wood both for its formation and the definition of its properties. Although vital to plant fitness, lignin negatively impacts paper pulp processing and feed for livestock. Lignin is a critical structural component of plants, providing vascular integrity and mechanical strength. Postmortem lignification of xylem tracheary elements ([TEs][1]) has been debated for decades. Lignin is unusual compared to other abundant natural polymers due to the apparent low Lignification and the Definition of Lignin Lignification is a process essential to the nature and evolution of vascular plants that is still poorly understood, even though it has been studied for more than a century. There are a number of plant-related factors that affect lignification in indi-vidual plants and plant communities. Most trees would topple over without lignin supporting their tissues, in addition to the long, dead cells of the xylem vessels. lignin (lÄ­g`nÄ­n), a highly polymerized and complex chemical compound especially common in woody plants. The cellulose walls of the wood become impregnated with lignin, a process called lignification, which greatly increases the strength and hardness of the cell and gives the necessary rigidity to the tree. Among the many roles lignin plays in plant growth and development are those providing structural support for land plants and as a mechanical barrier in pest resistance. Definition of ligneous plant in the Definitions.net dictionary. Lignin fibers are less digestible by gut bacteria than other polysaccharides. Lignification of plant cell walls: Impact of genetic manipulation ... Plants appear to have adapted several strategies to circumvent genetic and metabolic obstacles to making lignin. Lignification therefore has a direct and often important impact on the digestible energy (DE) value of the forage. Whereas the importance of lignin in the definition of compression wood mechanical properties is well established [3] , this is far from being the case for tension wood. The lignification proceeds in the ML and the primary wall. Meaning of ligneous plant. ‘As plants do not possess a mechanism to degrade lignins, lignification represents a significant, non-recoverable investment of carbon and energy.’ ‘These include host cell browning around the penetration site, phytoalexin accumulation, lignification and cell wall phenolic deposition, and pathogenesis-related protein induction.’ Here, we provide evidence in Zinnia elegans [TE][1] cell cultures, using pharmacological inhibitors and in intact Z. elegans plants using Fourier transform infrared microspectroscopy, that [TE][1] lignification occurs postmortem (i.e., after [TE][1] programmed cell death). Information and translations of ligneous plant in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Lignin is the second most abundant polymer found in nature after cellulose. It is a major constituent of ‘woody’ material. Lignin precursors (monolignols) must be exported to the extracellular matrix where random oxidative coupling produces a complex lignin polymer. In addition to using various monolignol precursors, plants also appear to possess a … The lignification of the secondary wall proceeds slowly in the first stage but becomes faster after the thickening has been completed [118, 130]. What does ligneous plant mean? lignin [lig´nin] a woody substance closely associated with cellulose in plants and grouped with the polysaccharides, although it is not actually a carbohydrate; it combines with bile acids to prevent their absorption. 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