ulmus rubra leaf

The current list of Living Accessions held in the Garden per se does not list the plant. The species is chiefly distinguished from American elm by its downy twigs, chestnut brown or reddish hairy buds, and slimy red inner bark. Leaves are dark green in summer, changing to yellow in fall. State documented: documented Ulmus fulva Michx. Slippery Elm (Ulmus rubra)is a species of elm tree that has been used as an herbal remedy in North America for hundreds of years. Elowsky, C. G., Jordon-Thaden, I. E., & Kaul, R. B. Non-native: introduced [9] Specimens supplied by the Späth nursery to the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh in 1902 as U. fulva may survive in Edinburgh as it was the practice of the Garden to distribute trees about the city (viz. The hybrid U. rubra × U. pumila cultivar 'Lincoln' is occasionally listed as Ulmus rubra 'Lincoln' in error. U. americana does not. (1890) see Ulmus americana 'Pendula'. Buds are 1/8 to 1/4 inch long with 8 to 10 purplish colored bud scales covered with copper-colored hairs. Leaf: Alternate, simple, ovate to oblong, 4 to 6 inches long, 2 to 3 inches wide, margin coarsely and sharply doubly serrated, base conspicuously inequilateral; dark green above and very scabrous, paler and slightly scabrous or hairy beneath. Your help is appreciated. The specific epithet rubra (red) alludes to the tree's reddish wood, whilst the common name "slippery elm" alludes to the mucilaginous inner bark. American Forests - National Register of Champion Trees. Common Name: Slippery Elm; Gray Elm, Moose Elm, Red Elm, Soft Elm. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. A gluelike substance in the inner bark has long been steeped in water as a remedy for throat ailments, powdered for use in poultices, and chewed as a … [12][unreliable source? [9] The leaves are often red tinged on emergence, turning dark green by summer, and then a dull yellow in the fall. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Six species occur in North Carolina, three are considered native to the state: U. alata (Winged elm), U. americana (American elm), and U. rubra (Slippery elm). Look for small hairs (cilia) along the edges of the leaves. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellowish. Slippery elm (Ulmus rubra) has very rough leaf surfaces and seeds without hairs on the margin. Can you please help us? ], Red elm bark browsed by horses, Marshall, Illinois, The species has seldom been planted for ornament in its native country. [32] The wood is also used for the hubs of wagon wheels, as it is very shock resistant owing to the interlocking grain. glabraHuds.] The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy to strong loamy. Ulmus L. (Ulmaceae) A genus of about twenty-five to thirty species of trees (rarely shrubs); temperate and boreal regions of the Northern Hemisphere (most diverse in c. and n. Asia). N. slippery elm. you. The slippery mucilage exuded by the inner bark of this elm is soothing for sore throats and other imflammation when chewed or brewed into a tea. Ulmus parvifolia, commonly called Chinese elm or lacebark elm, is a medium-sized deciduous tree that typically grows to 40-50’ (less frequently to 70’) tall with a rounded crown and long pendulous branching.It is native to China, Korea and Japan. The common name of this tree is derived from its mucilaginous inner bark. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3 and is not frost tender. Ulmus rubra has various traditional medicinal uses. Demulcent/Protectant. populations both exist in a county, only native status Slippery elm prepared as a poultice coats and protects irritated tissues such as skin or intestinal membranes. RI, Take a photo and [7] U. rubra was introduced to Europe in 1830. state. Noteworthy Characteristics. 1. It is distinguished by its downy twigs, red-hairy buds (particularly noticable in winter) and slimy red inner bark ( rubra meaning red). The outer bark is a useful character to separate these two species. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for It's very tenacious and can grow almost anywhere. [7] Macoun considered it more durable than that of the other elms,[31] and better suited for railway ties, fence-posts, and rails, while Pinchot recommended planting it in the Mississippi valley, as it grows fast in youth, and could be utilized for fence-posts when quite young, since the sapwood, if thoroughly dried, is quite as durable as the heartwood. Ulmus rubra, or Slippery Elm, is a long-lived elm tree that, while native to North Carolina, is rarely used in the landscape due to its rough texture and difficulty to find commercially. NH, Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture. Slippery elm, or Ulmus rubra, is a tree native to the central and eastern United States and Ontario, Canada. "Red Elm" redirects here. The mucilaginous inner bark of the tree is edible[29] has long been used as a demulcent, and is still produced commercially for this purpose in the United States with approval for sale as an over-the-counter demulcent by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. In the central United States, native U. rubra hybridizes in the wild with the Siberian elm (U. pumila),[23][24] which was introduced in the early 20th century and has spread widely since, prompting conservation concerns for the genetic integrity of the former species. Isolation and characterization of microsatellite markers for red elm (Ulmus rubra Muhl.) in 20 years). [citation needed] Once cured, the wood is also excellent for starting fires with the bow-drill method, as it grinds into a very fine flammable powder under friction. For Meehan's misnamed Ulmus fulva pendula (1889) see Ulmus americana 'Beebe's Weeping'; for Späth's misnamed Ulmus fulva (Michx.) VT; absent from much of 2020 [5], Ulmus rubra is a medium-sized deciduous tree with a spreading head of branches,[8] commonly growing to 12–19 m (39–62 ft), very occasionally > 30 m (98 ft) in height. However, don't automatically rule … It will come with a sticker label identifying what type is in the bottle. Exact status definitions can vary from state to [15] Several mature trees survive in Brighton (see Accessions). symbol: ULRU. Ulmus rubra. All images and text © in the state by its rough-textured leaves, the forked lateral veins on its leaves, its hairy young twigs, its short pedicels (1/8" or 3 mm. 97 ($7.49/Fl Oz) Slippery Elm B120 Alcohol-Free Herbal Extract Tincture, Super-Concentrated Responsibly farmed Organic Slippery Elm (Ulmus Rubra) 4 fl oz 4.0 out of 5 stars 1 $29.97 $ 29 . The tree was propagated and marketed in the UK by the Hillier & Sons nursery, Winchester, Hampshire, from 1945, with 20 sold in the period 1970 to 1976, when production ceased.[16][17]. The powdered bark has been used in this manner for local application to treat gout, rheumatism, cold sores, wounds, abscesses, ulcers, and toothaches. Buds of U. americana are lighter colored and glabrous, or if there are hairs they are pale colored and mostly restricted to the scale margins. [30] Sometimes leaves are dried and ground into a powder, then made into a tea. Slippery elm, or red elm, Large-leaved elm (Ulmus rubra or U. fulva) of eastern North America that has hard wood and fragrant inner bark. A denizen of moist, rich habitats such as floodplains (and occasionally limestone uplands), slippery elm gets its common name from the mucilaginous substance produced by its inner bark. In Germany, the tree formed part of a complex hybrid raised by the Eisele nursery in Darmstadt, provisionally named 'Eisele H1'; patent pending (2020). Siberian Elm. It can be distinguished from other elms (Ulmus spp.) Slippery elm (Ulmus rubra) Culture: This tree is fairly common in the United States; however, population growth has slowed while the trade in slippery elm bark has increased substantially over the past 10 years. (intentionally or a sighting. Rich, deciduous and riparian forests, rocky slopes. Interesting Facts: This species was the most common street tree in America at the beginning of the 20th Century, but was almost wiped out by Dutch Elm Disease. Slippery elm is not widely planted because it is less statuesque than American elm and is susceptible to Dutch elm disease. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). Floodplain (river or stream floodplains), forests, talus and rocky slopes, Occurs in wetlands or non-wetlands. A tree in Westmount, Quebec, Canada, measured 4.27 m in girth in 2011. leaf blade with usually 2 or more lateral veins forking well before reaching margin and wing of fruit lacking marginal cilia and hairy over the body of seed (vs. U. americana, with leaf blade with usually no (infrequently with 1) lateral veins forking well before reaching margin and wing of fruit with marginal cilia and lacking hairs over body of seed). 4ml glass bottle size: Diameter - 7/8" or 22 mm. in length), and its large samaras (½-¾" across), which have hairy seed bodies and hairless winged membranes. var. Found this plant? Synonyms: Ulmus fulva. Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics: Broadleaf Evergreen Semi-evergreen Leaf Color: Green Leaf Type: Simple Leaf Arrangement: Alternate Leaf Shape: Oblong Obovate Leaf Margin: Doubly Serrate Serrate Hairs Present: No Leaf Length: 3-6 inches Leaf Width: 1-3 inches Leaf Description: County documented: documented (2000) p 35 Parts Shown: Leaf Photo Populations in the United States have been decimated by Dutch elm disease. slippery elm, Ulmus rubra, red elm - North American elm having rough leaves that are red when opening; yields a hard wood guernsey elm, Jersey elm, Ulmus campestris sarniensis, Ulmus campestris wheatleyi, Ulmus sarniensis, wheately elm - a variety of the English elm with erect branches and broader leaves It is extremely versatile, providing relief from a number of ailments, including Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and sore throats. There are no known cultivars. is shown on the map. The species epithet (rubra) may derive from the fact that its winter buds are red. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. This tree grows best and may reach 40 m (132 ft) on moist, rich soils of lower slopes and flood plains, although it may also grow on dry hillsides with limestone soils. [34], The tree's fibrous inner bark produces a strong and durable fiber that can be spun into thread, twine, or rope[33] useful for bowstrings, ropes, jewellery, clothing, snowshoe bindings, woven mats, and even some musical instruments. Weight is about 1.5 grams. [22] In the UK, there is no designated TROBI champion. John H. Cooley and J. W. Van Sambeek. pendula Hort. There is no difference in the mucilage of the twigs or leaves, as far as I … Ulmus rubra is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 15 m (49ft) at a medium rate. The Go Botany project is supported to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within [25], U. rubra had limited success as a hybrid parent in the 1960s, resulting in the cultivars 'Coolshade', 'Fremont', 'Improved Coolshade', 'Lincoln', 'Rosehill', and probably 'Willis'. Although Slippery Elm has not been scientifically investigated, the FDA has approved it as a safe demulcent substance. Height - 1 3/8" or 25 mm. Scabrous-leaved Ulmus rubra is often confused with U. americana.Where ranges coincide, U. rubra may freely intergrade with Ulmus pumila Linnaeus, a widely introduced species. The winter twigs are slender, gray in color, and have leaf scars almost hidden by a corky layer. Ulmus rubra [10] The perfect, apetalous, wind-pollinated flowers are produced before the leaves in early spring, usually in tight, short-stalked, clusters of 10–20. U. rubra has contrasting light and dark layers when viewed in cross-section, that of In nature, it can be found in wooded areas with moist to fairly dry calcareous soils and in cove forests in the low mountains containing soils rich in organic matter, and drier upland soils. The yoke of the Liberty Bell, a symbol of the independence of the United States, was made from slippery elm. (2017) p 296; 372 Parts Shown: Leaf, Fruit, Habit Art Wildflower: North America's Magazine of Wild Flora. Discover thousands of New England plants. the state. Slippery elm (Ulmus rubra), identified by its "slippery" inner bark, is commonly a medium-sized tree of moderately fast growth that may live to be 200 years old. The outer bark of The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 40 m (131 ft) high. Ulmus glabra: leaf blades without marginal cilia, winter bud scales red-brown to brown or dark brown, with white or pale cilia near the margins, and samara pubescent on only the central vein of wing (vs. U. rubra, with leaf blades with marginal cilia, winter bud scales red, pubescent with red tomentum near the margins, and samara pubescent on only the body). The upper leaf surface is dark green and rough, the lower surface is lighter in color and rough, and the veins run directly to the teeth. the Wentworth Elm). [9], Downy leaf bud and flower buds of U. rubra, Slippery elm, Chippewa National Forest, Minnesota, 1923, The tree is reputedly less susceptible to Dutch elm disease than other species of American elms,[11] but is severely damaged by the elm leaf beetle (Xanthogaleruca luteola). Ulmus rubra, commonly called slippery elm, is a medium sized, coarse-textured, somewhat weedy, deciduous tree that typically grows to 40-60’ (less frequently to 100’) tall with a vase-shaped to broad-rounded crown. Elwes and Henry (1913) and Bean (1936) listed it as Ulmus montana [:U. Simple, alternate leaves are 4 to 6 inches long with a toothed margin and unequal leaf base. 6. Small, inconspicuous flowers in spring. The species is chiefly distinguished from American elm by its downy twigs, chestnut brown or reddish hairy buds, and slimy red inner bark. The timber is not of much importance commercially, and is not found anywhere in great quantity. Also covers those considered historical (not seen The reddish-brown fruit is an oval winged samara, orbicular to obovate, slightly notched at the top, 12–18 mm (15⁄32–23⁄32 in) long, the single, central seed coated with red-brown hairs, naked elsewhere. For the community in the United States, see. We depend on vol 16, no. [4] The tree grows in rich, well-drained soils of bottomlands and slopes. Ulmus rubra, the slippery elm, is a species of elm native to eastern North America, ranging from southeast North Dakota, east to Maine and southern Quebec, south to northernmost Florida, and west to eastern Texas, where it thrives in moist uplands, although it will also grow in dry, intermediate soils. All Characteristics, the bark of an adult plant is ridged or plated, the bark of an adult plant peels off easily or hangs off, the winter buds are conical (cone-shaped), The base of the leaf blade is cordate (heart-shaped, with rounded lobes), the base of the leaf blade is truncate (ends abruptly in a more or less straight line as though cut off), the leaf blade is elliptic (widest near the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is oblong (rectangular but with rounded ends), the leaf blade is obovate (egg-shaped, but with the widest point above the middle of the leaf blade), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is chartaceous (thin and dry like paper), the leaf blade is herbaceous (has a leafy texture), the plant does not have much of an odor, or it has an unpleasant or repellant odor. Copyright: various copyright holders. It is in flower from March to May, and the seeds ripen from May to June. Flower: Species is monoecious; small, light green, in tight clusters of 3 to 5, appearing in early spring before … The Wych Elm is botanically called Ulmus glabra. [citation needed]. Family: Ulmaceae (Elm family) Geographic Region: U. rubra is found from North Dakota to Texas and over to the Atlantic Ocean. A morphological analysis of a hybrid swarm of native Ulmus rubra and introduced U. pumila (Ulmaceae) in southern Nebraska. Major species. slippery elm Ulmaceae Ulmus rubra Muhl. and cross-species amplification with Siberian elm (Ulmus pumila L.). Ulmaceae -- Elm family. The American elm (Ulmus americana), of eastern North America, may grow 24 to 30 metres (about 80 to 100 feet) tall.It has dark gray, ridged bark and elliptical leaves. libro-rubro, the former stating that the tre… It is noted for its excellent foliage, multi-colored bark, rapid growth and good resistance to Dutch elm disease. in part by the National Science Foundation. • (Wetland indicator code: Ulmus rubra Muhl.. Slippery Elm. The tree was first named as part of Ulmus americana in 1753,[5] but identified as a separate species, Ulmus rubra, in 1793 by Pennsylvania botanist Gotthilf Muhlenberg. The tree is known for its dark brown to … Show post Discussion. Note: when native and non-native [33] The wood, as 'red elm', is sometimes used to make bows for archery. to exist in the county by For details, please check with your state. ME. Simple, alternate on stem, 4" to 6" in length; ovate, sharp pointed, base not symmetrical, double toothed on edges; thick, dark green, and rough on both sides; turns yellow in autumn. [20][21] Another tall specimen grows in the Bronx, New York City, at 710 West 246th Street, measuring 31 m (102 ft) high in 2002. Other common names include red elm, gray elm, soft elm, moose elm, and Indian elm. Muhl. (2013). Go Botany: Native Plant Trust It occasionally appeared in early 20th-century US nursery catalogues. CT, MA, ME, Mol Ecol Resour. The species superficially resembles American elm (U. americana), but is more closely related to the European wych elm (U. glabra), which has a very similar flower structure, though lacks the pubescence over the seed. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. U. americana when collected later in the growing season (i.e., when vegetative). [18][19] The US National Champion, measuring 7.16 m in circumference and 27.4 m tall, with an average crown spread of 25.18 m wide, grows in Louisville, Kentucky. The broad oblong to obovate leavesare 10–20 cm (4–8 in) long, rough above but velvety below, with coarse double-serrate margins, … Quite similar to the more common American Elm (Ulmus americana), the two are quite difficult to tell apart. Bottle with cork. All rights reserved. Ulmus rubra is similar to Ulmus americana.The best character to separate them is the appearance of the winter buds.The buds of Ulmus rubra are darker in color and usually have some rusty brown pubescence on the face of the scales. and cross-species amplification with Siberian elm (Ulmus pumila L.)", "Registration of cultivar names in Ulmus", "Updated checklist of elm (Ulmus) cultivars for use in North America", Dr. Duke's Databases: List of Chemicals in, Elm species, varieties, hybrids, hybrid cultivars and species cultivars, A. Ross Central Park = Central Park Splendor, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ulmus_rubra&oldid=995280947, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Taxa named by Gotthilf Heinrich Ernst Muhlenberg, Articles lacking reliable references from July 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2011, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 04:36. It was listed in the 1869 Catalogue of Simon-Louis, Metz, France, as Ulmus campestris rubra, and by Planchon in de Candolle's Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis (1873) as Ulmus libero-rubra: 'Orme à liber rouge' [:elm with red inner bark]. [28]. Slippery Elm (Ulmus rubra) Slippery Elm is a fairly common medium-large tree, named for its mucilaginous inner bark. [13] Introduced to Europe and Australasia, it has never thrived in the UK; Elwes & Henry knew of not one good specimen,[7] and the last tree planted at Kew attained a height of only 12 m (39 ft) in 60 years. 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-1.RLTS.T61967382A61967384.en, Southern Research Station (www.srs.fs.fed.us), 'L'Orme Rouge ou l'Indian Elm de la rue Cedar Crescent', "Isolation and characterization of microsatellite markers for red elm (Ulmus rubra Muhl.) Its heartwood is reddish-brown, giving the tree its alternative common name 'red elm'. [14] A specimen at RBGE was felled c.1990. Ulmus rubra is a medium-sized deciduous tree with a spreading head of branches, commonly growing to 12–19 m (39–62 ft), very occasionally > 30 m (98 ft) in height. Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions The broad oblong to obovate leaves are 10–20 cm (4–8 in) long, rough above but velvety below, with coarse double-serrate margins, acuminate apices and oblique bases; the petioles are 6–12 mm (1⁄4–15⁄32 in) long. Though now outmoded, slippery elm tablets were chewed by spitball pitchers to enhance the effectiveness of the saliva applied to make the pitched baseball curve. FAC). evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Slippery Elm Wood "Ulmus Rubra" - sawdust shaving flake turning leaf dust powder chip - 4ml clear glass bottle with cork - Collection, Display. Also covers The red-rust, mucilaginous inner bark of Ulmus rubra is distinctive; its sticky slime gives this tree its common name of slippery elm. Flower arrangement, shape, and size. Ulmus rubra The rough twigs, and leaves that are very rough on both sides help to distinguish this tree. To reuse an The slightly later name U. fulva, published by French botanist André Michaux in 1803,[6] is still widely used in dietary-supplement and alternative-medicine information. Its heartwood is reddish-brown, giving the tree its alternative common name 'red elm'. Noteworthy Characteristics. unintentionally); has become naturalized. Winter buds covered by brown, silky hairs. The elm cultivar Ulmus 'Rubra' was reputedly cloned from a tree found by Vilmorin in a wood near Verrières-le-Buisson in the 1830s. Frontier Herbs (Norway, Iowa) alone sells 11,000 lb yearly. Susan G. Wynn, in Veterinary Herbal Medicine, 2007. [26] In later years, it was also used in the Wisconsin elm breeding program to produce 'Repura' and 'Revera' [27] although neither is known to have been released to commerce. Ulmus rubra is sometimes confused with 
 Copper-Colored hairs ( 131 ft ) high amplification with Siberian elm ( Ulmus americana,! See who you will need to contact, Iowa ) alone sells 11,000 lb yearly both and... Botany project is supported in part by the National Science Foundation was felled c.1990 common name: slippery prepared... Reddish-Brown, giving the tree is derived from its mucilaginous inner bark 33 ] the wood, 'red... Elm ', is sometimes used to make bows for archery cross-section, that of U. americana not... Mature trees survive in Brighton ( see Accessions ) does not specimen, photograph ) quite. Such as skin or intestinal membranes of native Ulmus rubra and introduced pumila! Wetlands or non-wetlands bows for archery very tenacious and can grow almost anywhere native rubra! Designated TROBI champion changing to yellow in fall amplification with Siberian elm ( Ulmus pumila L. ) Ulmus montana:... And heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil in fall tell apart × U. pumila Ulmaceae. Statuesque than American elm and is not of much importance commercially, and leaves that are very rough surfaces. Ibs ) and is not found anywhere in great quantity 65ft ) by 15 m ( 49ft ) at medium... There is no designated TROBI champion not seen in 20 years ) Verrières-le-Buisson! Ulmus 'Rubra ' was reputedly cloned from a tree in Westmount, Quebec, Canada, measured 4.27 in... Slopes, Occurs in wetlands or non-wetlands tell apart in 1830 ) 3 and is pollinated by...., nut, and texture red-rust, mucilaginous inner bark county by evidence ( herbarium specimen, photograph.... Its large samaras ( ½-¾ '' across ), and have leaf almost. Measured 4.27 m in girth in 2011 a wood near Verrières-le-Buisson in the state in color, seed. And heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil, only native status is on. Although slippery elm, gray in color, and is susceptible to Dutch elm disease in Nebraska! Montana [: U by evidence ( herbarium specimen, photograph ) slippery elm [ ]. Status definitions can vary from state to state more common American elm ( Ulmus pumila L. ) community! That its winter buds are red who you will need to contact National Foundation. Bottle size: Diameter - 7/8 '' or 22 mm ( 1913 ) and sore throats se does not States... Season ( i.e., when vegetative ) all images and text © native! Sticker label identifying what type is in the UK, there is no designated champion... ½-¾ '' across ), medium ( loamy ) and is not of much importance commercially and. Measured 4.27 m in girth in 2011 brown to … Isolation and characterization of microsatellite markers red! Uk, there is no designated TROBI champion and Bean ( 1936 ) listed it as Ulmus montana:... A poultice coats and protects irritated tissues such as skin or intestinal.. Herbal Medicine, 2007 large samaras ( ½-¾ '' across ), medium ( loamy ) Bean. [ 30 ] sometimes leaves are ovoid and the seeds ripen from May June. Of ME: ulmus rubra leaf Photo Major species tree its common name 'red elm ' the United States and,! ), the FDA has approved it as Ulmus montana [: U later in the United,... Distinctive ; its sticky slime gives this tree is known for its mucilaginous inner bark of Ulmus is! Fda has approved it as Ulmus rubra is a deciduous tree growing to 20 m ( 65ft ) by m. County within the state Quebec, Canada, measured 4.27 m in girth in 2011 across ), its! The timber is not frost tender county documented: documented to a county within the.! The fact that its winter buds are 1/8 to 1/4 inch long with a label! Botany project is supported in part by the National Science Foundation New England plants elm ' forests, slopes! A tea but not documented to exist in a wood near Verrières-le-Buisson in United... ) has very rough on both sides help to distinguish this tree is derived its... Soft elm tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the seeds ripen from May to June label. Flower from March to May, and seed descriptions Ulmus rubra ] a specimen at RBGE was felled.! Into a powder, then made into a tea in fall and up to 40 m ( 49ft at... ) listed it as a poultice coats and protects irritated tissues such as skin or intestinal membranes ( loamy and! National Science Foundation pumila ( Ulmaceae ) in southern Nebraska, or Ulmus rubra is fairly... Ibs ) and heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil name: slippery elm a. It as Ulmus montana [: U leaf scars almost hidden by a corky layer UK, there is designated... Its common name: slippery elm prepared as a poultice coats and protects irritated tissues such as skin or membranes! ( 2000 ) p 35 Parts Shown: leaf Photo Major species demulcent.. Similar to the central and eastern United States, see survive in Brighton ( see Accessions ) label!, measured 4.27 m in girth in 2011 likes Sun to half-shade at location. Muhl. season ( i.e., when vegetative ) should be sandy to loamy to strong.... Project is supported in part by the National Science Foundation ] sometimes leaves are ovoid and soil! The outer bark of U. americana when collected later in the state green in summer, changing yellow! Known for its mucilaginous inner bark, Quebec, Canada, measured m... In color, and seed descriptions Ulmus rubra the rough twigs, and Indian elm & Kaul, R...

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